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Funding the future with the future of currency

**About the Einsteinium Foundation** The Einsteinium Foundation was created to help, in any small way it can, raise funding for cutting edge scientific research. To this aim we created Einsteinium, a new crypto currency (similar to Bitcoin), to gather funds that can be distributed to projects the community chooses. Combined with donations from the community at large we will help fund some of the most innovative projects currently under-way or help seed those waiting to start.
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VeriCoin

The home for the most innovative cryptocurrency, VeriCoin and Verium VeriCoin: Proof-of-Stake-Time Protocol. PoST Verified. Verium: Proof-of-Work-Time Protocol. PoWT Verified. CPU Mine-able (GPU and ASIC Resistant)
[link]

End of day summary - 04/01

The Dow fell 973.65, or 4.44%, to 20,943.51, the Nasdaq lost 339.52, or 4.41%, to 7,360.58, and the S&P 500 declined 114.09, or 4.41%, to 2,470.50.
The stock market retreated more than 4% to start the second quarter on Wednesday, as President Trump warned that the next two weeks will be "very painful" in terms of coronavirus fatalities. The S&P 500 (-4.4%), Dow Jones Industrial Average (-4.4%), and Nasdaq Composite (-4.4%) each fell 4.4%. The Russell 2000 underperformed with a 7.1% decline.
In COVID-19 news, The Hill reported that Florida Governor Ron DeSantis said he will sign an executive order requiring the state's residents to limit their movement outside of their homes. DeSantis has faced intense criticism for refusing to issue a stay-at-home order, the report noted.
Meanwhile, the latest data from the Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering shows there are now 911,308 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 45,497 deaths due to the disease.
The coronavirus task force on Tuesday estimated that deaths attributed to COVID-19 could total 100,000-240,000 in the U.S. with daily deaths projected to peak in two weeks. To help contain the outbreak, and hopefully bring these figures down, Florida, Nevada, and Pennsylvania joined the growing list of states to issue 'stay at home' orders for 30 days.
Original assumptions made by the medical community were based on the data coming out of China, which the U.S. intelligence community said underrepresented the real number of cases and deaths in the country, according to Bloomberg. The White House's projections, based on new data being released every day, had the market worried about the social and psychological effects on the economy.

In U.S. data, ADP reported private payrolls fell "only" 27,000 in March, which was not as bad as many had forecast. However, ADP acknowledged the data don't really reflect the realities on the ground as a lot of the firings have taken place after the week that ended its survey. The ISM manufacturing index dropped 1.0 point to 49.1 in March, which was also not as bad as feared. Markit's manufacturing PMI was revised down to 48.5 in the final print for March. That was a little lower than the 49.2 flash reading for the month and down 2.2 points from February's 50.7 reading. Construction spending dropped 1.3% in February.
In China, the Caixin manufacturing PMI climbed 9.8 points to 50.1 in March, almost fully recovering from the 10.8 point drop to the record low of 40.3 in February. The better than expected bounce is in line with the surprising 16.3 point jump in the official index to 52.0.
In turn, no S&P 500 sector was spared in today's sell-off with ten sectors losing at least 3.0%, including 6.1% declines in the real estate and utilities sectors. The consumer staples sector performed relatively better with a 1.8% decline.
In M&A news, TMUS announced that it has officially completed its merger with S to create the new T-Mobile. The company also announced that with close of the merger, it has successfully completed its long-planned CEO transition from John Legere to Mike Sievert ahead of schedule.
Among the notable losers was XRX, -7.1% withdrawing its offer to acquire HPQ, -14.5%, MAR, -7.6% disclosing a data breach that affected 5.2 million customers, and M, -9.8% being removed from the S&P 500.
Shares of GM fell 7.3% after the automaker announced that it delivered 618,335 vehicles in the U.S. in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of about 7% compared to a year ago. "The industry experienced significant declines in March due to the outbreak of COVID-19," noted GM in its sales announcement. Meanwhile, FCAU reported a 10% decline in its first quarter sales to 446,768 vehicles, also noting that "the strong momentum in January and February was more than offset by the negative economic impact of the coronavirus in March." Additionally, Toyota North America (TM) reported that sales in March fell 36.9% on a volume basis and 31.8% on a daily selling rate basis year-over-year.
Among the noteworthy gainers was KGC, which rose over 11% after it said its mines continue to operate and have not materially been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The company also withdrew guidance for fiscal 2020 in light of the outbreak. Also higher was AMRN, which surged 24.5% after Jefferies analyst Michael Yee hosted a conference call with life sciences patent lawyer Jacob Sherkow to discuss the Vascepa patent litigation. During the call, Sherkow said that he believes Amarin has a 50% chance to win an appeal and a more than 80% chance of getting an injunction.
In the oil market, the Wall Street Journal reported that Cherony7 is scheduled to meet Friday with the heads of some of the largest U.S. oil companies to discuss government measures to help the industry weather an unprecedented oil crash. The meeting is to take place at the White House and will include Trump, XOM Chief Executive Darren Woods, CVX Chief Executive Mike Wirth, OXY Chief Executive Vicki Hollub and Harold Hamm, executive chairman of CLR, according to the Journal.
Stocks in Asia were lower on Wednesday as a private survey showed Chinese manufacturing activity expanding slightly in March. In Japan, the Nikkei 225 led losses among the region’s major markets as it dropped 4.5% to close at 18,065.41.

Currency

The dollar advanced on Wednesday, with markets staring at what looked likely to be one of the worst economic contractions in decades as the world confronts the coronavirus pandemic. The U.S. Dollar Index rose 0.6% to 99.65, approaching yesterday's high.

Treasury

U.S. Treasuries ended the midweek session on a mixed note for the second day in a row, but shorter tenors underperformed today while longer tenors recovered yesterday's losses. The long end outperformed from the start after Treasury futures rallied overnight. That rally took place as most global equity markets faced renewed selling pressure to begin Q2. 10s and 30s built on their opening gains during the first two hours of trade, while the 2-yr note headed in the opposite direction before rallying toward its high into the close. Interestingly, the late push in the 2-yr note took place as longer tenors slipped to fresh lows.

Commodity

Gold prices firmed on Wednesday as investors sought safe-haven assets after somber U.S. economic data exacerbated fears of a economic downturn amid increasing lockdowns and other restrictions globally to combat the coronavirus pandemic.
U.S. grain and soybean futures fell in tandem with a sinking stock market on Wednesday, with wheat down more than 3% in its largest slide in more than a month after nearly two weeks of gains fueled by coronavirus grocery stockpiling. Soybeans fell more than 2%, the most in 2-1/2 weeks, and most corn contracts posted fresh life-of-contract lows as worries over burdensome supplies weighed on prices.

Crypto

Following Bitcoin’s bout of consolidation within the mid-$6,000 region, the benchmark cryptocurrency has seen a slight decline that has led it down towards the support that has been established around $6,000.

YTD

  • FAAMG + some penny stocks -18.0% YTD
  • Spoos -23.5% YTD
  • Old man -26.6% YTD
  • Russy -35.8% YTD
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Over the past 100 days, Grayscale has bought every third bitcoin

Over the past 100 days, Grayscale has bought every third bitcoin

Over the past 100 days, Grayscale has bought every third bitcoin
The Grayscale Investments cryptocurrency investment fund acquired every third bitcoin mined in the last 100 days. And in April, the fund bought 50% of all ETH mined. At the same time, despite the financial crisis and the fall of the cryptocurrency market in March, shares of Grayscale crypto funds in the first quarter of 2020 attracted record investments, which indicates a growing interest of institutional investors in the crypto industry. Why does the company need so many coins, what is its current position regarding the crypto market and what role does it play on it?

Grayscale Investors Believe in Bitcoin

Grayscale Investments, a subsidiary of Digital Currency Group (DCG), owner of the famous crypto media CoinDesk. The investment fund is the largest institutional holder of bitcoin. The company’s main product is the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC), with which accredited investors can earn on bitcoin without actually owning it. Grayscale Bitcoin Trust tracks the price of bitcoin based on the TradeBlock XBX index.
Grayscale accumulates Bitcoin on an impressive scale. Reddit user under the nickname u/parakite noted that the fund added 60,762 BTC ($548.3 million on the day of publication) from February 7 to May 17. This is a third of the total number of bitcoins mined over the past three months.
The user made a table showing how the number of bitcoins in GBTC changed:
https://preview.redd.it/lb4nzuxvg9451.png?width=364&format=png&auto=webp&s=72b699f4b4c15a5b596e4030747c9ca574ee49f0
As you can see, the procurement rate of the MTC fund has been increasing since the end of 2019. GBTC has become more aggressive in its acquisitions since early April before the upcoming halving of the Bitcoin network. About 34% of the 60,762 MTC were purchased 17 days before the reduction in remuneration to the miners.
As of May 17, GBTC under management had a total of 343 954 BTC. This is 21% more than the 283,192 BTC held by the fund 100 days earlier. In value terms, the portfolio grew from $2.77 billion to $3.37 billion.
“Grayscale is just one of many, albeit the largest, ETFs that people use to buy bitcoin, not wanting to mess around with private keys and other problems,” commented u/parakite. — There is a demand for it. The supply is declining. Let’s see where we will be in 100 days.”
88% of Grayscale customers are institutional investors. Most likely, the sharp increase in the pace of the purchase of military-technical cooperation in addition to the last halving is due to the desire of investors to hedge risks during the developing crisis.

GBTC stock price over the past year, according to Yahoo.Finance. The price of shares (shares) of GBTC does not coincide with the price of the MTC, it depends on the mood of investors and can be traded with a premium or a significant discount. Usually it follows bitcoin, but sometimes the trends diverge. So, the difference between the July and current MTC rates is 20–30%, and between the same GBTC shares it is about 70%.

Grayscale also bought half of ETH mined in April

Aggressive Grayscale crypto purchases have recently been spotted with respect to ether. So, by April 24, the company had bought about 756 539 ETNs (accurate data are not publicly available) for its Ethereum Trust fund. This is about 48.4% of all 1.5 million coins mined since the beginning of this year. As a result, the company already owns 1% of all coins in circulation and only increases the pace of purchases. The first user to notice this was Reddit under the nickname u/nootropicat.
According to the latest quarterly report by Grayscale, the flow of investments in ETN reached a record level for the first three months of 2020 — $110 million. This is a very sharp increase, given that total investments in ETN for the previous two years amounted to $95.8 million. The total demand for the Ethereum fund grew over the quarter is almost 2.5 times compared with the fourth quarter of 2019.
From the beginning of the year until the end of April, the company issued 5.23 million shares of the fund at 0.09427052 ETN apiece.
At the same time, shares are traded with a premium of 420% relative to the current price of the coin — $92 against $17.70. That is, investors are willing to pay extra pretty much not to deal with cryptocurrency on their own.
Most likely, the increase in the rate of purchase of the coin is associated with the upcoming upgrade of the network to the state of Ethereum 2.0. It can take place at the end of July, but, most likely, it will happen not earlier than the end of the year. After the upgrade, the network will become more scalable and there will be the possibility of staking — validators will be able to receive passive income for providing their funds to confirm the blocks.
The crypto market, by the way, is also preparing for the transition of the ecosystem to a new stage. ETH has grown 55% since the crash in March, from $110 to $202 on the day of publication. At the end of April, CoinDesk drew attention to the increase in the number of long positions in ETH futures — this indicates expectations for further growth of the coin.

Last quarter — the most successful in the history of the company

In May, Grayscale released a report on the results of the first quarter of this year. “Despite the decline in risky assets this quarter, Grayscale’s assets continue to approach record highs, as does our share of the digital asset market,” the document says. And this despite the coronavirus pandemic, the global recession and the traditional cryptocurrency market volatility.
A record $503.7 million investment was raised in the first quarter. This is almost twice the previous quarterly maximum of $254 million in the third quarter of last year and accounts for 83% of the total capital of $1.07 billion raised for the entire 2019. New investors accounted for $160 million of raised funds. The main products of Grayscale Bitcoin Trust and Grayscale Ethereum Trust raised $388.9 million and $110 million, respectively. It is noteworthy that the company reduced the premium on stocks of funds relative to the price of assets.
88% of investments came from institutional investors, among which hedge funds prevail; 5% — from accredited individuals, 4% — from pension accounts (yes, pension funds are extremely conservative in nature, but also invest in bitcoin against the background of a decrease in the profitability of other assets); 3% came from family offices, and 38% of customers invested in several products at once.
It is noteworthy that two years ago the share of institutional investors was about 50% — it is obvious that they no longer consider bitcoin as something criminal. “Many of our investors see digital assets as medium and long-term investment opportunities and the main component of their investment portfolios. Quarterly inflows doubled to $ 503.7 million, demonstrating that demand is reaching new peak levels even in conditions of “risk reduction”, the document says.

Today, more than 46.5% of the inflow of funds was attracted from multi-strategic investors. Crypto investors accounted for only 11.2% of the inflow, according to the report.
Grayscale currently operates ten cryptocurrency investment products targeted at institutional investors. They cover PTS, ETN, ETS, BCH, ZEC, XRP, LTC, ZEN, XLM. The value of the assets under his management is more than $3.8 billion. GBTC is the most demanded product, most investors invest in it and it takes about 1.7% of the total volume of circulating bitcoins.

Aggregate quarterly flow of funds to different Grayscale products. Pay attention to the growing share of investors diversifying portfolios with products tied to altcoins.
Since January of this year, the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust has been registered with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). According to it, the company provides quarterly and annual reports in the form of 10-K. The status makes it possible to sell shares of a trust in the secondary market after 6 months, rather than 12, as before, and also increases the confidence of conservative investors. Other products comply with OTCQX reporting standards in the OTC market and are approved by the US Financial Services Regulatory Authority (FINRA) for public offering.

Amount of assets managed by Grayscale as of May 20, 2020.
It is noteworthy that the news about the success of Grayscale comes amid news of how panicky investors in traditional assets are fleeing from market turmoil. So, the largest fund managers — BlackRock, Vanguard and State Street Global Advisors — lost several trillion in capitalization of their assets, and BlackRock in the first quarter for the first time in five years saw a net outflow of funds from its long-term investment products.

Bitcoin is the best asset for hedging portfolios in crisis

At the end of April, Grayscale also released a separate report on the analysis of the impact of regulators during a pandemic and the crisis caused by it and how it affected the bitcoin and cryptocurrency market as a whole.
The document said fiat currencies are at risk of devaluation as central banks print more and more money. Even the US dollar, which is the world’s reserve currency, risks being devalued if the US Federal Reserve continues to print the currency in trillions. A decrease in interest rates to zero and negative values deprives government bonds of the status of “safe haven” during the crisis.
Therefore, investors are trying to diversify their portfolios with alternative instruments. Cryptocurrencies are the best choice for this, according to the authors of the report. The text emphasizes the historical significance of gold as a global standard, but it is noted that in the modern digital world it is becoming increasingly burdensome for investors — it has complex logistics. Bitcoin seems resistant to the problems that other assets face. Therefore, in times of economic uncertainty, the first cryptocurrency is one of the best assets that investors can use to hedge their portfolios. The coin performs better than any other asset, including fiat currencies, government bonds, and traditional commodities like gold. The authors of the report emphasize that Bitcoin has already begun to show signs of becoming a protective asset.
At the same time, the company believes that bitcoin is an excellent asset not only in times of crisis. So, in December 2019, Managing Director of Grayscale Investments Michael Sonnenshine said that the company expects an influx of investments in bitcoin after the transfer of $68 trillion of savings between generations in the next 25 years. Today, this capital is invested in traditional assets, but a significant part of these wealth millennials will invest in cryptocurrencies. Already, according to him, investments in GBTC are among the five most popular among young people, ahead of, for example, investments in Microsoft and Netflix.

Finally

The unprecedented financial measures taken by the US Federal Reserve, as well as the worsening recession, are forcing even the most conservative investors to rethink their current strategies and portfolio composition. Many of them are increasingly beginning to appreciate the fixed emission and non-correlation of Bitcoin — it is becoming a tool for risk diversification. Growing institutional interest is driving the acceleration of coin prices.
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End of day summary - 02/27

The Dow plunged 1190.95, or 4.42%, to 25766.64, the Nasdaq lost 414.30, or 4.61%, to 8566.48, and the S&P 500 dropped 137.63, or 4.42%, to 2978.76.

It was a frenetic day of trading action on /thewallstreet. The stock market extended its recent sell-off by more than 4% on Thursday in a volatile session, as the widening spread of the coronavirus heightened pessimism among investors. The S&P 500 dropped as much as 3.5% shortly after the open, then cut its losses to 0.6% by midday, but ultimately closed at session lows with a 4.4% decline.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (-4.4%), Nasdaq Composite (-4.6%), and Russell 2000 (-3.5%) experienced similar price action. Each of the major indices fell into correction territory, which is often defined as a decline of at least 10% from a recent high, and today's drop sent the S&P 500 well below its 200-day moving average (3046.58) amid heavy selling into the close.
From a sector perspective, all 11 S&P 500 sectors fell between 3.3% (health care) and 5.6% (real estate). Other notable moves included WTI crude falling 3.0% to 47.24/bbl to extend its weekly decline to 12.1% and the CBOE Volatility Index surging 42.1% to 39.16 in a protection trade against further equity weakness.
Regarding COVID-19, the CDC acknowledged the first coronavirus case of "unknown origin" in the U.S., which raised concerns about a community spread of the virus. California's governor fueled concerns by saying 28 people have tested positive and another 8,400 people are being monitored because of their travel.
The impact to global supply chains or consumer spending remains uncertain, but Goldman Sachs warned there could be no U.S. earnings growth in 2020 if the virus becomes widespread. MSFT -7.1%, meanwhile, was the latest high-profile company to issue a quarterly revenue warning, specifically for its More Personal Computing segment.
Current, and past, Fed officials offered their views on the matter. In an opinion piece for The Wall Street Journal, former Fed Governor Kevin Warsh argued that the Fed and other central banks should cut rates due to the coronavirus, while Chicago Fed President Evans reiterated the Fed's stance that it's still premature to provide guidance without more data.
Besides the coronavirus news, equity investors appeared to be taking cues from the Treasury market. For instance, the S&P 500's early morning low coincided with the high in the Treasury market. At session's end, the 2-yr yield declined five basis points to 1.10%, and the 10-yr yield declined basis points to 1.30%.
Not all stocks closed lower, though. Face mask company (MMM) +0.8% and Bleach company (CLX) +0.4% managed to eke out small gains amid speculation that demand for some of their products will increase due to the coronavirus.
Among the noteworthy gainers were VIR and NVAX, which surged 50% and 18%, respectively, as coronavirus fears mount. Both companies are working on coronavirus vaccines. Also higher were ETSY and SQ, which gained a respective 16% and 11% after reporting quarterly results.
Among the notable losers was TSLA, which slid 8% after Bloomberg reported registrations of new Teslas in China plunged 46% last month as the coronavirus outbreak adds to a slump in the country's car market. SPCE fell 17% after Morgan Stanley analyst Adam Jonas downgraded the shares to Equal Weight and Credit Suisse analyst Robert Spingarn also downgraded the stock to Neutral following with the shares up 185% year-to-date.
In earnings news, BBY reported better than expected sales and earnings for the fourth quarter and raised its quarterly dividend by 10%. Last night, BKNG reported "strong" Q4 results, but also cited a significant impact from the coronavirus on its forward outlook, stating that its wider than typical guidance ranges are due to "the high level of uncertainty in forecasting the coronavirus and its associated impact on the company and the travel industry generally."
In its own more optimistic coronavirus update,SBUX said it is "seeing the early signs of a recovery" in China. In a letter to employees posted on its corporate blog, Starbucks CEO Kevin Johnson reported that the coffee giant now has 85% of stores open across China as it continues to assess the ongoing impact of the disease outbreak.
Elsewhere in Europe, Stoxx 600 closed 3.6% lower provisionally, officially entering correction territory as it was off more than 10% from its record high notched on Feb. 19 last year.

Currency

The U.S. Dollar Index slid 0.5% to 98.51, widening this week's loss to 0.8%.

Treasury

The Treasury market has been the epicenter of concerns about the global growth outlook, as well as the frayed psychology pertaining to the COVID-19 outbreak. The 10-yr note yield is down four basis points this morning to 1.27%, leaving it down 19 basis points on the week and 65 basis points on the year.
Today, the fed funds futures market expects that a rate cut will happen as soon as the March 18 meeting, followed by another cut in June. Treasuries briefly turned negative in midday trade but returned toward their opening levels after California Governor Gavin Newsom said that 28 people in California have tested positive for the coronavirus while more than 8,000 other people are being monitored.

Commodity

Oil prices continued their steep decline on Thursday, with U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude falling more than 5% at the low to $45.88 per barrel — a price not seen since Jan. 2019 — as fears of the coronavirus outbreak, and what it could mean for crude demand, continue to batter prices.

Crypto

Bitcoin was fighting to keep support at a key level on Feb. 27 as markets worldwide continued to suffer from fears over coronavirus.

YTD

AH News

  • BYND reports EBITDA: $9.5M (est $5.76M), Net Rev: $98.5M (est $79.8M).Sees 2020 Net Revenue: $490M To $510M (est $485.7M)

Thoughts on Corona

It is becoming abundantly clear that the spread of the coronavirus is not going to be stopped. What is not clear is the extent of the economic damage that is going to be done by its spread before the world gets comfortable with the notion that the coronavirus is debilitating, but not necessarily deadly for most sufferers.
The latter is the accepted perspective when dealing with the flu, but because COVID-19 is so new and won't reportedly have a vaccine to guard against it for some time, there is some understandable fear about contracting the virus that is prompting some extreme measures to contain it. Those measures have been detrimental to the world economy in a number of respects, which include but are not limited to shutting down supply chains, restricting travel, and preventing people from going to work.
At the same time, some considerable psychological damage is being done with the understanding that governments around the globe are scrambling to deal with COVID-19 in a way that hasn't been seen in a really long time.
China locked down entire cities. Japan announced today that it will be closing elementary, middle, and high schools nationwide until late March. President Trump last night announced that Vice President Pence is being put in charge of the U.S. response to COVID-19.
The stock market, therefore, has been getting punched by a left-right combination of growth concerns and frayed investor psychology. That combination has led to some rapid-fire selling for a market that was already stretched and counting on stronger earnings growth in 2020, which now seems unlikely to pull through as expected.
The uncertainty surrounding the earnings outlook is a major headwind for the market at the moment.
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The basics of crypto-trading: indicators, charts and trend lines

The basics of crypto-trading: indicators, charts and trend lines

The basics of crypto-trading: indicators, charts and trend lines
Halving on the Bitcoin network has become one of the key events in the cryptocurrency market, which has fueled the interest not only of long-standing players, but also has caused the release of new ones. This is evidenced by recent data on the growing demand for crypto assets on top cryptocurrency exchanges such as Bithumb Global. For those who are just getting acquainted with the crypto-market and want to try their hand at trading a new class of assets, we will tell you what tools crypto-exchanges offer and how to use them in crypto-trading.
To start trading cryptocurrencies, you must first select:
• Crypto-wallet — there are several types of crypto-wallets: hot, cold, desktop, mobile and paper. All of them provide different levels of security and convenience. At the same time, the best option for storing cryptocurrencies is the use of two different wallets — hot and cold. So do most large companies working with digital assets.
• Crypto-exchange is a trading platform that will allow you to exchange, buy and sell cryptocurrencies. Such platforms can be centralized (CEX), decentralized (DEX) or hybrid, combining the qualities of CEX and DEX.
• A crypto-portfolio is a collection of crypto-assets collected for profit. It is best to form it in three stages: part of the currency for long-term storage (from 1 year and longer), another part — a medium-term deposit (up to six months) and a deposit for trading for several days or a week. When starting crypto trading, it is advisable to diversify your investment in a deposit for trading, paying attention not only to the potential of a particular coin, but also to the ways of earning that the cryptocurrency market offers. Experts advise at the initial stages to choose assets from the top 10 rating by capitalization.

Terminology

Order — a trader’s request for a cryptocurrency transaction. Orders are divided into market orders — for purchase (Buy) or sale (Sell), and pending — requests for a transaction at a non-market price, waiting for it to be at the right level. Pending orders include:
⁃ Limit — for sale / purchase at a price higher / lower than the current market price
⁃ Stop loss — orders to limit the loss
⁃ Take Profit — Take Profit Order
Market maker and market taker are market participants who create and accept orders. The market maker creates a new transaction request, increases the turnover of the exchange and raises the liquidity of the crypto asset, while the receiving market taker takes the asset out of circulation, lowering its liquidity. In this connection, different commissions are introduced on some crypto exchanges for makers and takers.
Exchange Cup or Order Book — a table with limit orders, which displays the closest sellers and buyers, where sellers’ orders are marked in red, and buyers are marked in green. The columns of the table show the number of cryptocurrencies and the price at which they intend to sell or buy. At the junction of these tables, a spread is formed — the difference in the price of supply and demand. The lower the spread, the more liquid the cryptocurrency. The analysis of the stock market is a leading indicator of the state of the market, since it allows you to predict changes before they happen.
Long and short positions (Long and Short) — the usual “mode” of trading. In the case of a long position, we buy cheaper and sell more. It is believed that the growth of assets in the market is a long process, therefore, work in this direction is also called long. The second option means a short position, that is, a game for a fall. The market believes that the decline in the value of assets occurs quickly, that is, in a short time. Therefore, this position is called “short.”
Exchange chart — shows the change in the price of cryptocurrency over time and is the most important tool for technical analysis. Charts display price changes with a line, bar and candlestick.
Bulls and bears — in the market so-called buyers and sellers. There is an analogy with the nature of animals: buyers always push the price up, creating a demand for something, and it turns out that the price seems to be pushed by horns. In this connection, bulls are optimists, they believe that the prices of the shares they bought will rise, and someday they will sell the asset more expensive than they bought. The bulls in the market are overwhelming (by approximate estimates, up to 80%), long investments are kept on them, and the bull trend means stable growth of stocks and general welfare. Bears, in turn, are sellers who have learned to capitalize on a falling market: they usually try to sell cryptocurrencies faster, often lowering the price of an asset. Concluding a contract for the sale, they fix its value, and then wait until the goods fall in price, close the deal and put the proceeds in their pocket. Bears are interested in a constant reduction in prices and achieve their goal, provoking an increase in supply: open short positions and sell until the price drops to the desired level.
Technical analysis is a set of tools for market forecasting of prices based on the movement of value in the past. In technical analysis, the same tools can be used for different markets and trading pairs with a slight adjustment of indicators. Also, technical tools are equally successfully used on any timeframes — from a minute to a year.
Fundamental analysis — this type of analysis is based on the consideration of financial and production market indicators that may affect the price of a traded instrument. The mood of market players, current and growing trends, indicators of production activity — all this information can give an extensive idea of the potential of the investment object in question. The main disadvantage of the fundamental analysis is that the information provided by him is insufficient to predict the movement of prices in some local areas. It is possible to determine a potentially good company that has excellent financial performance and has real prospects, but it will be impossible to determine the moment of entering a short-term profitable trade with a good indicator of risk to profit ratio.
Pattern — behavioral model / trading setup / market pattern. Patterns are one of the most common methods for analyzing price movements. Each pattern is always based on a certain idea, the simplest and most understandable. There are a lot of trading models, but all of them are derived from the classical model of breakdown or rebound from certain significant price levels.

Basic cryptocurrency trading tools at Bithumb Global

Using the example of a centralized cryptocurrency exchange Bithumb Global, we will analyze the main elements that cryptotraders will encounter in the initial stages of trading. When choosing a cryptocurrency exchange, first of all, you need to pay attention to the presence of:
⁃ Convenient ways to deposit and withdraw funds
⁃ Fiat currency support
⁃ High number of trading pairs
⁃ Information on the current state of cryptocurrency rates
⁃ Cryptocurrency Rate Charts
⁃ Technical indicators
⁃ Different levels of user verification
⁃ Built-in cryptocurrency wallet
⁃ 24/7 tech support
On the Bithumb Global main page, a selection of top trading pairs is offered, where cryptocurrency tickers are listed, their price, exchange rate for the last day, daily trading volume and the asset quotes movement chart.

Top trading pairs at Bithumb Global. Source.
If you select a pair from this list, then Bithumb Global will automatically transfer the user to the Base Version of Spot Trading. Spot trading — the terms of the transaction with cryptocurrency, in which payment is made to both parties immediately.
Here the user can get acquainted with the latest price of an asset, the volume of transactions with it, data on transactions and the minimum and maximum prices for the last day.

Basic Version of Spot Trading on Bithumb Global. Source.
You can select another trading pair in the top menu by hovering over the corresponding button, but the easiest way is to find the desired pair through the search. At the same time, the Professional Version of Spot Trading opens up a wider set of tools for the user, which will be discussed later.

Trading Tools Professional Version Bithumb Global

On the Professional Version, users can use price charts in the form of Candles, which look like a series of vertical lines and display price changes, where the upper point shows the maximum that the price has reached and the lower one — the minimum. If the closing price is lower than the opening, then the candle will be painted red or black, and if higher, then green or white. Knowing the direction of the price movement (body color of the candle), we can say exactly where the closing and opening prices are.

Price chart in the form of Candles at Bithumb Global. Source.
Also in this version of Spot Trading, a price chart is available to users in the form of a Glass, where sellers ‘bids are marked in red and buyers’ bids are marked in green. The analysis of the stock market is a leading indicator of the state of the market, since it allows you to predict changes before they happen. If, for example, a large congestion of sales requests at the upper price limit can be noted, then as soon as the market reaches this limit, a recession will provoke, triggered by a large number of sales.

Price chart in the form of a Glass on Bithumb Global. Source.
Price charts also have different timeframes — from 1 minute to 1 week, which allows you to conduct a more in-depth analysis of the movement of quotes of the selected asset.

Bithumb Global price chart timeframes. Source.
Also in this version of Bithumb Global, various Indicators are available to traders. In total, the cryptocurrency exchange provides about 80 different indicators that will help in the technical analysis of the movement of crypto asset quotes.
Let’s analyze the main indicators available on Bithumb Global:
Volume — allows you to track the number of transactions completed by traders over a specific time interval. Green and red bars are indicators of the volume of transactions: red signals a decrease in volume, green — its growth. By analyzing the volume of transactions against the background of the price movement chart, you can confirm the strength of the trend or reveal its weakness and predict a price reversal. If prices rise and trading volume rises, we observe a bullish trend. An increase in trading volume in the event of a decline in prices indicates a bearish trend.
Moving Average (MA) is just as popular a tool as volume is. The indicator function analyzes the average prices for the selected time interval, which gives a relative idea of the general price trends. If the actual price of cryptocurrency for a long time keeps above the moving average, we can assume that it will continue to grow. Accordingly, a fall below MA is a signal to lower the price of an asset. For more accurate forecasts, it is advisable to use several moving averages based on different time intervals. Moreover, in case of disagreement, it is customary to consider the value of the average based on a longer period of time. If the signals from several moving averages coincide, we can talk about a fairly accurate forecast.
MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) — having trained on one moving average, we will move on to a comprehensive analysis of this indicator. The MACD tool analyzes the convergence and divergence of three moving averages and can signal the beginning of a new trend. MACD also works well on different timeframes and is a fairly simple and popular indicator of technical analysis.
Zig Zag is an auxiliary indicator that analyzes the highest and lowest points of the cryptocurrency exchange rate and allows you to determine the correct entry points into the market. The plus of the indicator is that it eliminates the noise that can distort the forecast of the trend behavior. Minor fluctuations are simply not taken into account: lines connect the highest and lowest points of the price chart directly. The zigzag shows global market movements, but at the same time it only captures these changes in the past, without giving forecasts on the price behavior in the future.
Relative Strength Index (RSI) — shows the greatest efficiency in a sideways trend. With active course dynamics, RSI may produce incorrect data. Such indicators of technical analysis are called oscillators, and they must be used with caution. The indicator’s algorithms analyze price changes and allow you to evaluate the oversold or overbought status of an asset and, therefore, predict the occurrence of a bull or bear trend.
CCI (Commodity Channel Index) — The CCI or Commodity Channel Index, as well as the Relative Strength Index (RSI), helps evaluate overbought or oversold assets. This chart with values from minus 100 to plus 100 is displayed under the current price chart and can be applied on any timeframes. A CCI of more than a hundred means that the asset is overbought, and the price is about to fall, and on the contrary, a CCI below minus one hundred indicates the oversoldness of the asset and the likely increase in its price. This tool also refers to oscillators and is used during a lateral trend when there is no clear idea of how the price will behave in the near future.
ADC and DI — the index of the average direction and direction of movement, signals a change in trend. It looks like three lines on the chart: red — bears, green — bulls, blue (there may be other colors on different platforms) — the strength of the trend. This indicator is fairly reliable on four-hour and day frames. If the trend strength line is within 10−20 points, this indicates that the trend is gaining strength, but if the indicators reach 60−80 points, you should wait for the trend correction. The green and red lines will show who sets the market mood — bulls or bears. If the green line crosses the red line, the trend becomes bullish, and vice versa.

Indicators at Bithumb Global. Source.
Another useful tool available on the Professional Version of Bithumb Global is Trend Lines. It allows you to demonstrate in which direction the price of an asset is moving. The Dow theory, which is the basis of all technical analysis, suggests that no matter how the price behaves, it will always be in a particular trend. If the price behaves relatively evenly and stays in the same range without showing either growth or decline, such a trend is called a side or flat trend.
A growing (“bullish”) trend is characterized by the appearance of a series of ascending highs, with each new peak must be higher than the previous one. Accordingly, the “bearish” downtrend shows points of failure (price low), each subsequent of which will be lower than the previous one.
A trend line can be built on two points of a minimum or maximum, and a third confirming one is mandatory. The more points form a trend line, the more confident and stable the trend itself. The construction points should not be too close to each other in the time frame, otherwise the direction of the trend will not be completely correct. Please note that the uptrend line is plotted below the chart, and the downtrend is above it. The slope on the trend line should also be taken into account — its constancy indicates the stability of the trend. The change in the angle of the trend line is called the acceleration or deceleration of the price movement. The larger the angle, the faster the trend.
A line through price lows is called a support line. As soon as the price reaches it, it finds market support there and, pushing off, again strives upward. The line connecting price highs is called the resistance line.This is the level above which the value of the asset has not yet risen. If the price breaks the support or resistance line, this is a clear signal for a trend violation and a change in trading tactics.

Trendlines at Bithumb Global. Source.

Finally

The above are the basic trading tools available to traders of the Professional Version of the Bithumb Global crypto-exchange. They will help you figure out how to properly analyze the key metrics of cryptocurrency assets so that you can build the most advanced trading strategy. However, this is not the whole range of tools available to Bithumb Global traders. Follow DeCenter materials to learn about the intricacies of cryptocurrency trading on the advanced cryptocurrency exchange.
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submitted by Smart_Smell to Robopay [link] [comments]

What's your view on Cryptocurrencies?

So I usually have pretty positive view on cryptocurrency as a Marxist. It might be my old libertarian self, but I also think from a Marxist perspective there are many benefits here, but I also see a lot of issues so let me explain, and you can add your views or criticism to it too.
 
First of all I am not an idealist, I don't think that we will live to see a communist society, while the direction of the economy points to that direction, it's probably so far in the future that it's not wise to think about it now, instead we should implement things in today's economy that only gently push things in that direction and develop the economy well and help and empower people, that is my practical stance. I am not like Khruschev who said that Communism will come in 20 years in 1960 and in 1980 they basically had food lines and rationing lol. To claim that communism is anywhere near on the horizon is dishonest opportunism for political goals, there are still much more urgent issues that need to be solved and a true communist would give up it's long term dreams for tangible improvements that can be achieved today, after all to sacrifice the present for the future is the true leftist spirit I think and impatience and opportunism is not. Our ancestors have sacrificed a lot to have what we have today so we should too for the future.
 
So that being said I don't have any delusions about cryptocurrencies being the ultimate form of economic organization but I think think it's a step in the right direction. Why? Because it empowers people, it's as simple as that. It won't end class society but it will certainly chip away the power from entrenched oligarchies and empower everyday people more. Starting with eliminating inflation, which is a massive burden on poor people with fixed wages. What inflation is is basically the central banks printing money (or rather borrowing it from nothing) and then shoving that money into the stock market, real estate market, and probably government military spending, thereby making those prices go up but also all other prices since they devalue money itself, which means that obviously anyone on fixed wages (and wages are not indexed to inflation) will be left to pay for that. It's a completely disgusting way to rob the poor and I don't know how can any leftist support banks or central banks, it blows my mind when I see leftists shill for this kind of corrupt system. So inflation is basically the pillaging of the poor and regular workers on fixed wages via increased consumer prices (and especially rent, healthcare and education like in the US). So don't you think that having a form of money which is outside of this vicious circle is a step in the right direction? I think it is, it would massively help poor and middle class people at the expense of big bankers and oligarchs.
 
So my main positive view about is this process of empowering people, there are also others like smaller transaction fees, instantaneous payments, non-censorship and anonymity, which can go both ways it can empower both good and bad people, but I claim that the tradeoff is worth it. There are overwhelmingly more good people on the planet than bad people, which means that if the majority of people get those rights then it's worth it. You can't strip away rights from the majority only to punish the minority, that is a recipe for totalitarianism. And if you don't believe me that there are more good people than bad people then why the hell would you support the current system? So democracy is good because the majority of good people can shove aside the minority of bad people, and it's quite democratically organized, everyone could be a miner so each person could have a voice, and each person can unilaterally initiate a transaction, you don't need to ask for permission from gatekeepers, which makes it a direct relationship rather than a bureaucratic indirect one, so it's good from all of these sides.
 
Now there are of course bad sides of it for example there are many technical problems: exponentially increasing block, quantum vulnerability, lag issues, lack of true anonymity, vulnerability to wallet hacks, people locking themselves out, and the POW algorithm being pretty wasteful and inefficient. Now I am sure these will all be solved in time, so no need to worry about them.
My bigger worries are rather about it's economic side. As you know all value is derived from labor, therefore Bitcoin has no inherent value if it's no tied to labor. You see all currencies are fiat currencies, there is no distinction between fiat and commodity money, that is just Libertarian nonsense. All currencies are fiat currencies because their value is just "let it be so". Now the crucial difference is that Bitcoin is a self-managed system, and more democratic meaning that it's not controlled by central banks so it's supply size is not altered at will. However there is still no more fundamental value inherent into it than to US Dollars or Monopoly board game cash. The only difference between the USD and Monopoly cash is that the USD is used by billions of workers to exchange labor value while the Monopoly cash is not, also the USD has some protections against counterfeit, and so does Bitcoin. So essentially the only difference between the 3 is that the all of them are toy cash but the USD and Bitcoin has protections against counterfeiting while a toy cash doesnt, and the USD is widely used while the other 2 aren't. Furthermore Bitcoin is democratic as explained above so it makes it superior than the USD, but only if it's going to be widely used.
 
So Bitcoin will only be valuable and superior if it will be used to exchange labor value into commodities, it has to be coupled to the labor value of the workers. Well the government has an easy way to do that, it can just implement laws backed by violence to make it's toy cash be used to exchange labor value to commodities. So the fact that you get your paycheck in USD and then go into the supermarket to buy food with it couples your labor value to that currency and imbues it with use value. Bitcoin doesn't have this because there is no state that will enforce it's use in the economy. So Bitcoin is at a disadvantage because employers will have to adopt it voluntarily and pay their workers in BTC and then also supermarkets will have to also accept it as a form of payment for products. If this doesn't happen then Bitcoin's true value is 0.
This is why I am worried about it's future because I don't see a massive trend of adoption. I don't see any employer paying people in BTC, most laws don't allow it, and almost no supermarket accepts it. Now of course there are some online gig stores, remmittances and people buying drugs with it, which I guess gives it a minimum value which is why it hasn't collapsed to 0$ yet, but it can't sustain itself in the long term if workers will not adopt it. A bunch of techno hipsters "HODLING" and online tipping and freelancing jobs and drug dealers don't cut it. It gives it a minimum value but it doesnt necessarily make it mainstream and it makes it's future questionable and uncertain as the fad can fade at any time and then many young hipsters will be very depressed when they will see all their savings go to 0$, many people sold their houses to buy BTC and still havent recovered.
 
So this is my view on it, it's a step in the right direction to empower the majority of people, it can be good for poor people, immigrants and remittances, freelancers and the middle class, so it's definitely a positive thing, but there are many problems and uncertainties which is why I would be cautious to put all my money in it.
submitted by guitar0622 to CapitalismVSocialism [link] [comments]

End of day summary - 03/06

The Dow fell 256.50, or 0.98%, to 25,864.78 , the Nasdaq lost 162.98, or 1.87%, to 8,575.62 , and the S&P 500 declined 51.57, or 1.71%, to 2,972.37.

The stock market ended a volatile week on a lower note with the S&P 500 (-1.7%) settling just above its low from Monday. The benchmark index gained 0.6% for the week while the Dow Jones Industrial Average (-1.0%) outperformed, gaining 1.8% since last Friday.
In the U.S., nonfarm payrolls surged 273,000 in February and the unemployment rate fell back to 3.5%, which matches a five-decade low. Average hourly earnings grew 3.0% year-over-year. While a very strong report, it appears to be discounted because of the coronavirus, though it provides evidence that the U.S. economy was on solid footing before it hit. The trade deficit narrowed 6.7% to $45.3B in January as exports dipped 0.4% to $208.6B and imports dropped 1.6% to $253.9B. Wholesale inventories fell 0.4% in January, but sales jumped 1.6%.
In energy news, Reuters reported that OPEC's plans for prolonged oil cuts have been derailed as Russia refused to support the move contending it is too early to predict the effect of coronavirus on global energy demand. WTI crude for April delivery fell $4.62, or 10.1%, to end at $41.28 a barrel following the news of the OPEC blow-up. Also, Baker Hughes reported that the U.S. rig count is up 3 rigs from last week to 793.
The final session of the week was marred by a continued deterioration of sentiment due to the ongoing spread of the coronavirus while the pressure on growth expectations intensified. Treasuries essentially never stopped after Thursday's cash close, continuing their forceful charge in the overnight futures market. Treasuries did pull back from their highs in midday trade, but the long bond rallied to a fresh record high in the afternoon while the 10-yr note stopped a bit short of its best level of the day. The 10-yr yield fell 22 basis points to 0.71%, representing a 42-basis point drop for the week.
Expectations for another sharp rate cut remain in place with the fed funds futures market pointing to a 56.0% implied likelihood of a 75-basis point rate cut at or before the conclusion of the FOMC meeting on March 18.
The S&P 500 staged a 70-point rally during the final hour of trade, which led to a significant improvement in final sector standings, though all eleven sectors finished in the red.
Four groups surrendered 2.0% or more. Energy (-5.6%) and financials (-3.3%) were particularly weak throughout the day due to their exposure to growth and concerns about issuers of high-yield debt in the energy sector.
Bank stocks suffered from the drop in Treasury yields while energy companies struggled as oil fell $4.57, or 10.0%, to $41.32/bbl. The energy component ended the day at its lowest level since mid-2016 after OPEC+ could not agree to a sharp production cut despite yesterday's reports to the contrary. Russia's Energy Minister, Alexander Novak, said that OPEC+ countries are free to pump at will starting from April 1.
Shares of JPM were sharply lower amid the pullback in the market, though the bank's declines may also be made worse by news that CEO Jamie Dimon experienced an acute aortic dissection and underwent successful emergency heart surgery to repair the health issue. Co-Presidents and Chief Operating Officers Daniel Pinto and Gordon Smith will lead the company as Dimon recovers, the bank confirmed.
Shares of AAPL were lower after a fourth supplier cut guidance amid the ongoing coronavirus outbreak. ON cut its first quarter revenue outlook this morning, becoming the fourth Apple supplier to cut guidance this week after QRVO, SWKS and MCHP did so as well.
In company-specific news, COST reported better than expected Q2 results, but the stock still finished lower. AMD fared better than the broader market after reaffirming its guidance for FY20. The chipmaker did caution that Q1 results are likely to be on the low end of its guidance.
Among the noteworthy gainers were MRNA and OPK, which have each recently reported on efforts linked to combating the coronavirus. Airline stocks like ALK +4.0%, JBLU +0.1%), UAL, +1.0%, and DAL, +2.0% recorded gains on Friday after recovering from fresh multi-year lows. Alaska Air did warn that its guidance for FY20 should no longer be relied upon due to coronavirus-related uncertainty.
Among the notable losers was AOBC, which fell 30% after the gunmaker reported fiscal Q3 results below consensus and guidance. SBUX shares slid 1% after the company provided an update on the impact related to COVID-19 in China. Stifel analyst Chris O'Cull said the earnings impact to Starbucks' fiscal Q2 is likely larger than he projected, be he also pointed out that Starbucks noted there has been no perceptible impact from COVID-19 on the U.S. business.
Shares of cruise operators started the day in positive territory but retreated as the day went on. NCLH, -5.2% was the weakest performer of the bunch, stopping just above its record low (24.16) that was notched when the company went public in early 2013.
European stocks also fell sharply Friday as the coronavirus outbreak continues to impact businesses worldwide.

Currency

The U.S. Dollar Index dropped 0.9% to 95.98 and was down 2.2% for the week as rate-cut expectations boiled over. According to the CME FedWatch Tool, there is a 100% probability of another 50 basis points cut at the March 17-18 FOMC meeting and a 63% probability of a 75 basis points cut.

Treasury

U.S. Treasuries had another huge day as the stock market racked up another day of huge losses amid ongoing concerns about the spread of the coronavirus and budding credit worries. The 10-yr yield, which settled Thursday at 0.93%, went as low as 0.66% in today's curve-flattening trade before losing some steam.

Commodity

Oil prices plunged more than 8% to multi-year lows on Friday as OPEC’s allies rejected additional production cuts that the organization proposed Thursday. The meeting between OPEC and its allies, known as OPEC+, concluded with no deal on additional production cuts.
Agriculture:

Crypto

As global equity markets continue to get pummeled, bitcoin’s return to the $9,000 level may have been driven by some of the same forces causing a rally in bonds – a desire for respite from a coronavirus-plagued markets.

Bonds, Virus and Valuation

The move in Treasuries has been precipitated by flight-safety flows that have been fueled by economic growth concerns stemming from the spread of the coronavirus. It has also been stoked by momentum, interest rate differentials, and policy stimulus expectations, the latter of which have also been nothing short of stunning.
The CME FedWatch Tool is showing a 100% probability of another 50 basis points cut at the March 17-18 FOMC meeting and a 64% probability of a 75 basis points cut.
Those expectations capture the view that the coronavirus isn't "just another flu." It might have similar characteristics, but when was the last time entire cities were quarantined, professional sporting events were canceled, travel restrictions were imposed, orchestrated efforts to force employees to work from home, states of emergency were declared, U.S. schools were closed, and the Federal Reserve ushered in an emergency 50 basis points rate cut because of the flu?
Coronavirus is quite different from the flu because the reaction to it has been universally different -- and that reaction is what gets lost in the debate as to whether the coronavirus is "just another flu." Rightly or wrongly, the coronavirus is creating an economic disruption in a manner no normal flu has in our modern age and that is the important distinction for the capital markets and policymakers.
It's another reason why the strong employment report for February has been glossed over for the most part by the market. At any other time, the Treasury market would be selling off on today's report, and, arguably, the futures market would be moving sharply higher -- but this isn't any other time.
The key takeaway from the report isn't what was in the report, it was the lackluster response to it, which is a function of expecting employment reports in coming months not to look as good because of the coronavirus impact.
The market multiple has contracted to 16.7x, which is now in-line with the five-year average -- only it isn't because earnings estimates are going to fall further.

YTD

  • FAAMG + some penny stocks -4.4% YTD
  • Spoos -8.0% YTD
  • Old man -9.4% YTD
  • Russy -13.1% YTD
Summary scraped from the interweb. Took 0.18 seconds.
submitted by hibernating_brain to thewallstreet [link] [comments]

Thoughts on cryptocurrency (design, function, quantitative analysis/market forecast) and the politics of aid in the new post-COVID-19 era/epoch

Cryptocurrency $1.4bn of $25bn financial reporting market/space.
ETFs at 25% of mutual funds, mutual funds at 40% of the stock market, FinViz.com market cap. as US-based, looking at near 38-40% discounting on population-based speculation (because of 40% worldwide markets under 3% since 1961-2018, and because of OTC derivatives compared with total money supply less inflation, over the past 20-30 years), because of the credit/debit cycle of recessions in less wealthy countries viz. WorldBank data, IMF rules about aid disbursements, etc.
FinViz: $41.55tn; at an average with market capitalization given proper weight, 1.95% gains on average, per a review of the total M1 money supply compared with FOREX trades, per day, compared with the commodities schedule, viz. ports and distribution centers/shipping and trucking companies (internal consistency test/check on the market); also, businesses and sectors totaling less than $1.4bn, or some multiplier of that, even accounting for growth, by 2025 or later.
Gold and other precious metals, etc., as a function of the BitCoin halving, as an institutional and technological hedge (use BitCoin as a hedge against inflation, or an indicator of it, after the halving, and gold/precious metals as a hedge on BitCoin, as empty money viz. real-perceived value of commodities, and as a way to financially exert institutional leverage on the development of perfect security for distribution supply-chains, AI-based coins, etc.
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The U.S. and allies (OECD) stimulus to poorer nations; did the territories get stimulus checks?
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Dollar, CryptoBuck, the $1 start-up currency; starts at $1, companies buy a % of that $1, the $1 is scheduled to have its return and discount the rest into charitable funds as the stock market does it’s martingale cycle, moving forward, to fight inflation; that is, every time the stock market does a martingale cycle, 50% less is released as a new coin offering, so initially $1, then $0.50, then $0.25, then $0.125, and so on, with the rest going to charity, thru X number of cycles; thus you have, at the outset, $1 dedicated to investments, and that is used as a tracker, sort of like a cookie, the shareholder % holdings are divided say, every year, or every two years, or every four years, not frequently, in other words, to emphasize the credit/debit cycle outside of the calendar year period, and say it’s pegged to the S&P500, or a section of NASDAQ, or a specific type of instrument, like a portfolio of risk-balanced ETFs, that could be it’s own project, when that doubles in market capitalization, or overall return % since the ICO, the amount of new buy-in to the coin is halved, no matter what the current price of the coin is, such that you can buy a new generation of coins, which are say less risk-averse because of the prior filtering of data through products like Yoga/Coil, of the initial $1 unit, at an additional $0.50, but with the other $0.50 going to charity, and see if you can reach a convention well past 3% of earnings, but in fact almost 100% of future earnings, asymptotically, on small amounts of money, really is the idea. So that as the coin shrinks in utility, the magnification between lending of point-to-point, cent loaned to cent owed, becomes obvious.
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StarChart (qualitative sentiment index/NLP insights into music criticism/YouTube commentary, etc.). Art/music, charity, astrophysics. YieldShare, Tully, etc.
submitted by dougieschuschu to u/dougieschuschu [link] [comments]

WaykiChain CEO Gordon Gao: What is WaykiChain doing now?

WaykiChain CEO Gordon Gao: What is WaykiChain doing now?
https://preview.redd.it/i6sd5ax60ow41.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8d4171bd4831ce2cfd6fa0bd9b598888d3a100cb
Recently, there have been many thoughts on the development direction of blockchain and WaykiChain. I have found some certainty in the world of uncertainty. How does WaykiChain understand the development of the public chain? What is WaykiChain development direction based on these understandings? What should the community expect and pay attention to? I will share with you the answers to these questions.
How does WICC increase prices?
WICC is the basic digital currency on the WaykiChain public chain. According to its white paper, when this coin was issued in the early period, more than 70% of the chips were in circulation in the secondary market This is a relatively high proportion, comparing to most of blockchain projects. This high circulation ratio is like a double-edged sword. The disadvantage is that foundation has relatively weak control over its value in the secondary market. It is also difficult to manipulate the price to create some false market value to deceive the public. The advantage is that WICC can have a wide range of coin holders and community members. Meanwhile, more coin holders mean that when WICC is found to have price increase expectations, such expectations will be spread by the population, which can result in a large-scale network effect. In 2018, WaykiChain relied on this network effect to make a big hit in the market. At that time, the number of WICC holders was about 100,000 (WICC holders in exchange).
However, the communities merely brought by price increase expectations are not sustainable. Those people came because of profit, and they will leave because of no profit. Those who made money or lost money on WaykiChain will scold after the currency price fell. In the bear market, it is almost difficult for people to have confidence in altcoins. It is difficult for people to invest in your long-term future with real money no matter what expectations they receive. Then, how to make WICC valuable in this bear market? We can conclude by the nature of price increases, which is fewer people selling and more people buying.
Staking economy is an effective way to achieve“few people selling”. This kind of gameplay is not widely used in the traditional field as it is in the crypto circle.
Most of Staking’s gameplay is to give you a dollar profit to make you unwilling to sell your 100 dollar coins. This approach may have a positive effect in the short term, but in the long term, it is no different from the Ponzi scheme. The other method is the DeFi. In DeFi, people need to collateralize their coins and get something that can bring value to them. For example, mortgage lending. When you are unwilling to sell your coins and lack money, the CDP mortgage lending system can meet your needs. At this time, the WICC in your hand becomes a “ticket” to participate in the CDP mortgage lending system. The collateralization generated by this real demand is often solid because such users are less likely to quit fast. Because they benefit from WaykiChain and believe this kind of service will generate value, so it is not a zero-sum game. In the end, most of the people here are winners, so they cherish their chips.
Once there are more users, there should be more reasons for them to buy more continuously. The reason for most people who buy token is nothing more than to see some good news which can be predicted. Halving is predicted, so there was a decent run at the start of the year. The World Cup was also a prediction and it is a piece of good news for betting-related blockchain. This prediction of a high degree of certainty in time can prompt a frenzied influx. But other than this quadrennial prediction(Halving or World Cup) of events, what expectations do you have for the community?
The first is the technical aspect. A good technical public chain can attract more developers, and more developers can build more business models and have more imagination.
To realize the expectation of the business model, users should value the future business growth of your current track and the most direct promotion of the economic model after the growth. For example, the growth of the mortgage lending business. The total collateral of WICC gets bigger ->Less liquidated WICC ->WICC’ s unit price raises with the demand stays the same. Or growth in mortgage lending->WGRT destruction becomes more numerous->WGRT’s unit price raises. This business model creates a rigid value in a currency.
Finally, there comes the marketing ability, the user toned to trust that you are able to attract more investors at some point in the future. All financial activities generate bubbles, and how big an asset you end up with depends both on how much beer you have and how much bubble you can pour. If building business value is about brewing, marketing, and storytelling, it’s about pouring beer out of the bubble.
About liquidity
When it comes to liquidity, some people’s understanding of liquidity of a coin is to be listed on more exchanges, some people know a bit about some financial markets, so they say liquidity is the depth of the order book. I recently get some inspirations from David in Coinbase. Liquidity can be measured by the time you spend to convert an asset to purchase power.
Cash is with the best liquidity, as it is almost equal to purchasing power. Property is less liquid because there are very few situations where you buy something directly from the house. Usually, you will have to turn it into cash and buy something else. So there’s a long period between when you decide to sell the house and when you get the money, and the longer that period is, the less liquid it is. USDT is relatively liquid because OTC transactions, which is a mature market in the current situation, allow people to convert the USDT into fiat money in minutes.
Note that the above mentioned is to turn assets into purchasing power, rather than cash out. These two are essentially different. For example, if I want to purchase some service from a crypto media, I often use Eth, BTC, USDT, not cash. So I don’t need to sell off my digital currency to exchange cash, but directly pay it, which becomes purchasing power. From this perspective, any merchant accepting digital currency payments is enhancing the liquidity of the digital currency. Because he shortens the time it takes for assets to become purchasing power.
As I said before, the keyword of the Internet fights is traffic, and the keyword of digital currency is liquidity. Much of what WICC does is to increase liquidity. Listing on Exchange shortens the time for WICC to transform into the purchasing power of other digital currencies. In real application scenarios, many people are reluctant to undertake the risk of digital currency fluctuations. They only like to denominate in fiat currency, so WUSD (stablecoin) that is generated by collateralizing WICC has better potential than WICC to become purchasing power. Huatong Security accepts WUSD as a payment method to buy HK/US Pre-IPO stocks shortens the time when some people want to convert WUSD into the purchasing power of Hong Kong and US stocks (In the normal process, this user must first sell, exchange fiat currency, and then open an account to buy Hong Kong and US stocks). The new project WaykiX shortens the time required to transform WICC into the purchasing power of investing in various assets around the world.
Bitcoin’s technology has not been greatly updated since its inception, but its value remains the leader because of its liquidity. Similarly, in my opinion, the market value of USDT has soared because liquidity is becoming more and more mature. WaykiChain’s future development is also inseparable from liquidity.
About Defi
As mentioned above, liquidity is important. If you want to improve liquidity, you can cash out first and use cash to purchase most of things you want. However cash out itself is not what a project expects, because it will dump the price when a lot of people doing that. Therefore, collateralizing assets, generating stablecoins, and then enabling stablecoins to generate purchasing power has become a perfect model, which is the essence of WaykiChain 3-Token Economy Model.
Regarding purchasing power, first we need to know what users want to buy. Many public chain projects, including WaykiChain, have begun to explore what kind of products and services that users want to buy. For example, betting products, value-added game services, or even e-commerce. All of these end up with nearly no results. As speculators’ paradise, the cryptocurrency circle usually care about borrowing money to make money. So, there is nothing more interesting for them than lending and making money. These people may not have the need to play games or buy things, but they must have the demand to make money. Therefore, finance must be the right direction for blockchain projects. WaykiChain will all in DeFi for at least the next two years.
Many people say that WUSD is a stablecoin, so it needs to be compared with USDT. Rather than emphasize WUSD itself, I would rather like to say that WaykiChain ’s CDP is a lending system and service, and WUSD is just a stable value certificate. I am more concerned about the capacity of the CDP lending business itself, and whether it can provide users with the value of lending. As for when WUSD can become a freely circulating currency, it will take a long time to see how much purchasing power is endowed. Maybe at first, WUSD could buy WICC, WGRT, then the index of various global assets, then other digital currencies, then some Hong Kong stocks and US stocks, and finally maybe you can buy two packs of snacks with WUSD downstairs.
Simple preview of the new product WaykiX, users can trade all kinds of global assets, including digital currencies, indices, stocks, commodity futures, and even contracts. We have high expectations for this product because we feel it can meet the “purchase” needs of most existing community users. This product learns from the Synthetix project and adds some local elements of WaykiChain, including the technical security reinforcement, as well as the improvement of the economic model and the risk resistance level.
Someone asked, Ethereum has a complete DeFi ecosystem, and there are countless projects to start a business together. Why does WaykiChain have the power to fight with Ether? I would like to share a few points. The DeFi of Ethereum is aimed at users of Ethereum. We are currently targeting WaykiChain users. There is no conflict at present. In addition, DeFi seems to have a variety of patterns. It is nothing more than the four major categories of deposits, loans, liquidity, and derivatives. Our current developer community is not as prosperous as Ethereum, so WaykiChain uses a point-to-face model to first construct the core and head of DeFi to ensure quality and safety. When it can form a minimum closed-loop, and then let developers support those long-tail applications. Although it is a bit contrary to the concept of decentralization, we believe that this is an indispensable process for the implementation of the blockchain public chain。
About community
I mentioned three directions in the first chapter on how to create the value of WaykiChain, the first is technology, the second is business model and applications, and the third is the marketing model and bubble.
In fact, a healthy blockchain community is also attracted by these three parts of value, a core developer community, some coin holders with business needs, and a group of speculation or investors. To achieve the top five public chains in the world, these three groups must be huge.
WaykiChain attracts the core developer community through the leading technology mechanism and the friendliness of public chain development. This is the reason why WaykiChain has invested a lot of resources in the technical level of the public chain.
WaykiChain continues to create value for currency holders to meet their needs through the DeFi business.
And eye-catching marketing methods to attract investors and speculators when market conditions improve and new market capital are sufficient.
The bull market is short while the bear market is long. In the bear market, WaykiChain needs to continue to play at the table in a way with a high winning rate. These are my personal opinions. Welcome to discuss more with me.
submitted by Waykichain to WICCProject [link] [comments]

End of day summary - 11/20

The Dow fell 112.93, or 0.40%, to 27,821.09 , the Nasdaq fell 43.93, or 0.51%, to 8,526.73 , and the S&P 500 declined 11.72, or 0.38%, to 3,108.46.
The S&P 500 declined as much as 0.9% on Wednesday after Reuters reported that a Phase One trade deal may not get completed this year. Stocks cut losses throughout the afternoon, leaving the benchmark index down 0.4% for the session -- comparable to the losses in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (-0.4%), Nasdaq Composite (-0.5%), and Russell 2000 (-0.4%).
The negative-sounding headline conflicted with the optimistic tone struck by top White House officials, including Commerce Secretary Ross just last night. Also transpiring last night was the U.S. Senate passing the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, much to the contempt of China. Altogether, it seemed like a good time to take profits, especially if the Dec. 15 tariffs still go into effect.
The trade-sensitive areas of the market like the S&P 500 materials (-1.2%), industrials (-0.8%), and information technology (-0.7%) sectors led the decline. The communication services sector (-0.8%), which contains many growth-oriented stocks, also underperformed.
Unsurprisingly, though, selling pressure quickly abated amid an opportunistic mindset among investors eagerly awaiting a dip. In addition, the details of the report were not as foreboding as the headline, and knee-jerk selling, suggested. Tucked in the report was a line indicating that some "China and trade experts" were still optimistic about a deal in the coming weeks.
Leading the afternoon comeback was the energy sector (+1.0%), which found reprieve amid a 3% rebound in oil prices ($56.91, +1.70, +3.1%). The defensive-oriented utilities (+0.6%), consumer staples (+0.2%), and real estate (+0.03%) sectors also finished in positive territory.
Separately, the release of the FOMC Minutes from the October meeting didn't draw much attention, as it was consistent with the prevailing view about monetary policy since that meeting. Economic data was limited to the weekly MBA Mortgage Applications Index, which declined 2.2% following a 9.6% increase in the prior week.
Among the noteworthy gainers was TGT, which jumped 12% after the retailer reported better than expected sales and profits for the third quarter and raised its full-year forecast ahead of the critical holiday quarter. Discussing the results, chairman and CEO Brian Cornell touted that Target is "seeing industry-leading strength across multiple metrics, from the top line to the bottom line.". LOW is also rising 4% following its own "beat and raise" third quarter report, with CEO Marvin Ellison attributing the "strong" earnings per share growth to the company's "improved execution.
Also higher was was PAYC, which rose 8.46% after RBC Capital Mkts upgraded to Outperform,which states that it is "increasingly confident in [co's] ability to realize price, improve retention, and drive a long runway of continued market disruption and penetration." The stock, which had already risen by +13% month-to-date as of yesterday's close, today touched up to new all-time highs. I also gained 15% after Raymond James analyst Richard Prentiss upgraded the stock to Outperform from Market Perform.
Among the notable losers was PDD, which dumped 23.04% after missing consensus for Q3 EPS. WBK sinked to its lowest levels since last December on higher than average volume after being accused by regulators of breaching anti-money laundering laws. Co's management acknowledged co's recognition that certain issues pertinent to the proceedings, such as a previously disclosed self-reported failure to report a large number of international funds transfer instructions, "should never have occurred and should have been identified and rectified sooner"; co "is carefully reviewing the claim and will be working constructively with AUSTRAC to resolve the matter."
Also lower was URBN, which slid 14% after reporting quarterly results along with China's PDD, which fell 21%.
GM filed a lawsuit today in U.S. District Court in Detroit alleging FCAU got an unfair business advantage by bribing officials of the United Auto Workers union, Tom Krisher of Associated Press reported . The suit alleges that Fiat corrupted the bargaining process with the UAW in the 2009, 2011 and 2015 union contracts to gain advantages over GM. Shares of Fiat Chrysler were down 2.5% immediately following the AP's report, while GM was down 2%.
Elsewhere, The pan-European Stoxx 600 was 0.3% lower at the closing bell. Mainland Chinese stocks ended the day lower, with the Shanghai composite down 0.78% to 2,911.05 and the Shenzhen component shedding 0.82% to 9,809.05. The Shenzhen composite was around 0.707% lower at 1,635.16. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index slipped about 0.73%, as of its final hour of trading.

Currency

The U.S. Dollar Index rose 0.1% to 97.93.

Treasury

U.S. Treasuries enjoyed another day of solid gains that pressured yields on the 5-yr note, the 10-yr note, and the 30-yr bond back below their respective 50-day moving averages. Treasuries backed off their morning levels in midday trade but jumped to fresh highs after Reuters reported that the partial trade deal with China may not get signed this year. President Trump was asked about negotiations with China a bit later, to which he responded, "China wants to make a deal. The question is: Do I want to make a deal? Because I like what's happening right now. We're taking in billions and billions of dollars."

Commodity

Oil gained more than 3% on Wednesday after data showed a smaller than expected build in U.S. inventories. The move also came as tensions in the Middle East rose, with Yemen’s Houthi rebels claimed they intercepted a Saudi warplane. Gold fell, retreating from a two-week high hit earlier in the session,** after the United States started issuing licenses for some companies to supply goods to Chinese firm Huawei, rekindling hopes for trade negotiations that had shown signs of turning more contentious.**

Crypto

As it stands, most of the cryptocurrencies in the top 30 by market capitalization are in the red, with BTC, ETH and XRP down between 1-2% each.

YTD

  • Nas +28.5%
  • Spoos +24.0%
  • Old Man +18.0%
  • Rusell +19.3%

AH News

  • SONO Earnings - EPS (28c) vs (22c). 4Q Rev. $294.2M, Est. $289.2M
  • U.S. Senator Markey: Amazon Ring's policies 'open door' for privacy violations
  • PayPal To Buy Honey For Around $4.0 Bln
  • Unusual options: CGC (calls), PM (puts)
Summary scraped from the interweb. Took 0.06 seconds.
submitted by hibernating_brain to thewallstreet [link] [comments]

College Education Resources

Not a complete list, but somewhere to start
United States
submitted by chrisknight1985 to cybersecurity [link] [comments]

Would Appreciate Feedback On Investing Approach

Hi guys im new to investing im a former speculative swing trader.
I recently found a better approach to building wealth.
I expanded the IVY10 Portfolio to include real estate and crypto currency and not so much commodity index speculation.
I plan to hold 2 portfolios and funnel a portion of the profit from IVY10 into the second portfolio
which would be a 'permanent portfolio' 25% x 4 asset

I plan to rebalance these portfolios quarterly or longer or during major events.
I plan to act like a business and only sell for profit and never at a loss.
holding long term

what do you guys think ? both portfolios seem pretty cool to me.

I also am tempted to buy AMD stock 50% / 50% cash and if it plummets buy more! LOL

but that's speculation , albiet could make a good buck
but I like the diversification idea more its really cool

I will post my portfolio here :

Investment Portfolio Peter's Multi-Asset Diversified Portfolio

25% US Stock Index
6% International Stock Index
18% US Gov + Corp Bond Index
6% International Bond Index
15% Gold
4% Silver [i plan to Add Platinum to the equivalent of current 1%]
10% US Real Estate Index
13% International Real Estate Index [i plan to decrease this to the equivalent of current 10%]
1% CASH [i plan to increase this to the equivalent of current 25-50%]
0.01% Bitcoin [i plan to increase this to the equivalent of current 2%]
0.01% Litecoin [i plan to increase this to the equivalent of current 2%]
0.01% Etherium [i plan to increase this to the equivalent of current 2%] also should add 2% total into index custom of amd/tesla/sp500-3xleverage

after a few changes i can find out what my true allocations will be. you could call this pool 'speculative assets pool' at only 2% total it shouldnt
make or break your return but perhaps increase it.

Profits from this portfolio are funneled into
25% cash / 25 % us bonds / 25% us stock index / 25% gold
submitted by MoonshockaGaming to investing [link] [comments]

The Decade in Blockchain — 2010 to 2020 in Review

2010

February — The first ever cryptocurrency exchange, Bitcoin Market, is established. The first trade takes place a month later.
April — The first public bitcoin trade takes place: 1000BTC traded for $30 at an exchange rate of 0.03USD/1BTC
May — The first real-world bitcoin transaction is undertaken by Laszlo Hanyecz, who paid 10000BTC for two Papa John’s pizzas (Approximately $25 USD)
June — Bitcoin developer Gavin Andreson creates a faucet offering 5 free BTC to the public
July — First notable usage of the word “blockchain” appears on BitcoinTalk forum. Prior to this, it was referred to as ‘Proof-of-Work chain’
July — Bitcoin exchange named Magic The Gathering Online eXchange—also known as Mt. Gox—established
August —Bitcoin protocol bug leads to emergency hard fork
December — Satoshi Nakamoto ceases communication with the world

2011

January — One-quarter of the eventual total of 21M bitcoins have been generated
February — Bitcoin reaches parity for the first time with USD
April — Bitcoin reaches parity with EUR and GBP
June — WikiLeaks begins accepting Bitcoin donations
June — Mt. Gox hacked, resulting in suspension of trading and a precipitous price drop for Bitcoin
August — First Bitcoin Improvement Proposal: BIP Purpose and Guidelines
October — Litecoin released
December — Bitcoin featured as a major plot element in an episode of ‘The Good Wife’ as 9.45 million viewers watch.

2012

May — Bitcoin Magazine, founded by Mihai Alisie and Vitalik Buterin, publishes first issue
July — Government of Estonia begins incorporating blockchain into digital ID efforts
September — Bitcoin Foundation created
October — BitPay reports having over 1,000 merchants accepting bitcoin under its payment processing service
November — First Bitcoin halving to 25 BTC per block

2013

February — Reddit begins accepting bitcoins for Gold memberships
March — Cyprus government bailout levies bank accounts with over $100k. Flight to Bitcoin results in major price spike.
May —Total Bitcoin value surpasses 1 billion USD with 11M Bitcoin in circulation
May — The first cryptocurrency market rally and crash takes place. Prices rise from $13 to $220, and then drop to $70
June — First major cryptocurrency theft. 25,000 BTC is stolen from Bitcoin forum founder
July — Mastercoin becomes the first project to conduct an ICO
August — U.S. Federal Court issues opinion that Bitcoin is a currency or form of money
October — The FBI shuts down dark web marketplace Silk Road, confiscating approximately 26,000 bitcoins
November — Vitalik Buterin releases the Ethereum White Paper: “A Next-Generation Smart Contract and Decentralized Application Platform
December — The first commit to the Ethereum codebase takes place

2014

January — Vitalik Buterin announces Ethereum at the North American Bitcoin Conference in Miami
February — HMRC in the UK classifies Bitcoin as private money
March — Newsweek claims Dorian Nakamoto is Bitcoin creator. He is not
April — Gavin Wood releases the Ethereum Yellow Paper: “Ethereum: A Secure Decentralised Generalised Transaction Ledger
June — Ethereum Foundation established in Zug, Switzerland
June — US Marshals Service auctions off 30,000 Bitcoin confiscated from Silk Road. All are purchased by venture capitalist Tim Draper
July — Ethereum token launch raises 31,591 BTC ($18,439,086) over 42 days
September — TeraExchange launches first U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission approved Bitcoin over-the-counter swap
October — ConsenSys is founded by Joe Lubin
December — By year’s end, Paypal, Zynga, u/, Expedia, Newegg, Dell, Dish Network, and Microsoft are all accepting Bitcoin for payments

2015

January — Coinbase opens up the first U.S-based cryptocurrency exchange
February — Stripe initiates bitcoin payment integration for merchants
April — NASDAQ initiates blockchain trial
June — NYDFS releases final version of its BitLicense virtual currency regulations
July — Ethereum’s first live mainnet release—Frontier—launched.
August — Augur, the first token launch on the Ethereum network takes place
September — R3 consortium formed with nine financial institutions, increases to over 40 members within six months
October — Gemini exchange launches, founded by Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss
November — Announcement of first zero knowledge proof, ZK-Snarks
December — Linux Foundation establishes Hyperledger project

2016

January — Zcash announced
February — HyperLedger project announced by Linux Foundation with thirty founding members
March — Second Ethereum mainnet release, Homestead, is rolled out.
April — The DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) launches a 28-day crowdsale. After one month, it raises an Ether value of more than US$150M
May — Chinese Financial Blockchain Shenzhen Consortium launches with 31 members
June — The DAO is attacked with 3.6M of the 11.5M Ether in The DAO redirected to the attacker’s Ethereum account
July — The DAO attack results in a hard fork of the Ethereum Blockchain to recover funds. A minority group rejecting the hard fork continues to use the original blockchain renamed Ethereum Classic
July — Second Bitcoin halving to 12.5BTC per block mined
November — CME Launches Bitcoin Price Index

2017

January — Bitcoin price breaks US$1,000 for the first time in three years
February — Enterprise Ethereum Alliance formed with 30 founding members, over 150 members six months later
March — Multiple applications for Bitcoin ETFs rejected by the SEC
April — Bitcoin is officially recognized as currency by Japan
June — EOS begins its year-long ICO, eventually raising $4 billion
July — Parity hack exposes weaknesses in multisig wallets
August — Bitcoin Cash forks from the Bitcoin Network
October — Ethereum releases Byzantium soft fork network upgrade, part one of Metropolis
September — China bans ICOs
October — Bitcoin price surpasses $5,000 USD for the first time
November — Bitcoin price surpasses $10,000 USD for the first time
December — Ethereum Dapp Cryptokitties goes viral, pushing the Ethereum network to its limits

2018


January — Ethereum price peaks near $1400 USD
March — Google bans all ads pertaining to cryptocurrency
March — Twitter bans all ads pertaining to cryptocurrency
April — 2018 outpaces 2017 with $6.3 billion raised in token launches in the first four months of the year
April — EU government commits $300 million to developing blockchain projects
June — The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission states that Ether is not a security.
July — Over 100,000 ERC20 tokens created
August — New York Stock Exchange owner announces Bakkt, a federally regulated digital asset exchange
October — Bitcoin’s 10th birthday
November — VC investment in blockchain tech surpasses $1 billion
December — 90% of banks in the US and Europe report exploration of blockchain tech

2019

January — Coinstar machines begin selling cryptocurrency at grocery stores across the US
February — Ethereum’s Constantinople hard fork is released, part two of Metropolis
April — Bitcoin surpasses 400 million total transactions
June — Facebook announces Libra
July — United States senate holds hearings titled ‘Examining Regulatory Frameworks for Digital Currencies and Blockchain”
August — Ethereum developer dominance reaches 4x that of any other blockchain
October — Over 80 million distinct Ethereum addresses have been created
September — Santander bank settles both sides of a $20 million bond on Ethereum
November — Over 3000 Dapps created. Of them, 2700 are built on Ethereum
submitted by blockstasy to CryptoTechnology [link] [comments]

Can Any Current Crypto Commodity Ever Be Used As A General Currency?

“In the long run, we are all dead. Economists set themselves too easy, too useless a task if in tempestuous seasons they can only tell us that when the storm is long past the ocean will be flat again.” - John Maynard Keynes

Cryptocurrency Supply Algorithms And The Equation Of Exchange

Although I am a proponent for Bitcoin and view it as a good store-of-value, my belief is that all of the algorithms for cryptocurrency supply models that I have seen to date are not amenable to creating a cryptocurrency useful as a general currency. That is as a means for exchange-of-value as opposed to store-of-value. The following is my brief description of the models that I am aware of, followed by an explanation of why I believe they are not useful for as general currencies. At the bottom, I make a concluding remark on what I believe is a missing feature needed to realize a general currency.

Coin Supply Algorithms

N+1
In an N+1 algorithm, each time a block is produced, a constant incentive reward is added to the supply of coins. This means explicitly that the size of the coin supply will grow forever, unlimited. This sounds pretty good on the surface. If you are a miner, you are guaranteed that there will always be an incentive reward available for mining.
If we look at this from a total coin supply viewpoint, and a little high school math, the normalized change in supply is:
N+1/N
We then want to ask the question, how fast is the coin supply changing, as N goes to infinity since we are assuming that blocks are produced forever. This is:
Lim N->∞ N+1/N
Where N is the number of blocks produced. By L’Hôpital’s rule for those that remember a little highschool calculus (I had to look it up), we can take the derivatives of the numerator and denominator which results in 1/1 = 1. In the limit at infinity, the coin supply is a constant value, even though theoretically it grows forever.
Since infinity is only theoretical, what does this look like for blockchain use cases:
To give a feel for it, imagine that we are at the following 4 stages: 10 blocks have been produced; 100 blocks have been produced; 1000 blocks have been produced, and 10000 blocks have been produced. Adding one reward at each stage gives the following percent change in coin supply:
1 — (10 + 1)/10 = 10%
1 — (100+1)/100 = 1%
1 — (1000+1)/1000 = .1%
1 — (10000+1)/10000 = .01%
This demonstrates that the change in coin supply quickly dwindles to an insignificant amount, even though it continues to grow forever. To put this another way, the addition of each new incentive reward quickly becomes a very small fraction of the total coin supply. The coin supply can be thought of as relatively constant.
N + M*N/2T or N(1+M/2T)
T is units of time in discrete steps, and M is the number of blocks produced at each step. This is essentially the Bitcoin model. To make this clearer let’s assume that there is only 1 block produced at each step. This becomes N + N/2T or N(1+1/2T).
If we replace 2T with a new variable K, then this becomes:
N(1+1/K)
Where K increases forever. The summation of 1/K is the harmonic series and increases forever. Therefore, just like N+1 above, N(1+1/K) or N+N/K also increases forever. As with N+1, the rate of increase of the coin supply is then:
(N(1+1/K))/N
This is more simply 1 + 1/K. Thus, as K grows, we can see that the rate of increase tends towards zero as well. Further, since 1/K becomes a smaller and smaller fraction, eventually representing this as a value in a computer becomes impossible. For example, Bitcoin’s smallest fraction is 1 satoshi. When 1/K becomes smaller than 1 satoshi it will no longer be possible to have an incentive reward for a single block produced.
Given that both coin supply algorithms tend towards a relatively constant supply, in terms of use as a currency, we can view both as essentially equivalent. The only difference is how fast the supply tends towards a constant value, where the Bitcoin model is faster.
N
A third coin supply algorithm is a simple constant amount created in the genesis block. The coins are usually distributed using an airdrop or similar model. Since coins are not being created, the coin supply is by definition constant. If the distribution model used is an incentive reward model to distribute from the pool of coins, it is indistinguishable from one of the above 2 models. If the distribution model is a one-time event, such that all the coins are distributed then there is no incentive reward model.
From a viewpoint of use of currency all 3 models described above can be thought of as equivalent, given enough blocks have been produced for the first 2 models.

Marked To External Asset

There is the fourth model for coin supply which is intended to mark the value of the coin to an external index of some kind. This may be a physical asset like an ounce of gold, or another commodity. In this model, the coin can explicitly represent a unit of the external asset such as an ounce of gold. Regardless of whether the coin can be exchanged for the underlying asset or not, given that supply of commodities such as gold are constantly following the same mining algorithms as above, the marked to asset model is a constant coin supply model. If the distribution model used is an incentive reward model, then it is similar to the third model.

Marked To Value Of External Asset

There is a fifth model for coin supply where the value of the coin is marked to the value of an external asset like the USD, instead of the supply of the external asset, as was the case for marking to a commodity. In this model, the coin supply is changed to reflect the exchange rate of the coin against the value of the external asset. The objective is to keep the exchange rate constant on average over time. For example: assuming the objective is a 1-to-1 exchange between the coin and the USD, then if the coin’s value increases above the objective, more coins are printed, and vice-versa. That is, if the value of the coin decreases, given some means (i.e. burning), the coin supply is decreased to bring the exchange rate towards the objective.
In this model, the coin supply is not fixed but varies with the exchange rate. To the extent that the value of the external asset is relatively constant, and the value of the coin is relatively constant the coin supply will be relatively constant.
Although marking to the USD would seem to be a good idea, given that it is called a “reserve currency”, the USD is intentionally subject to inflation, theoretically, the coin to USD exchange will continue to decrease, requiring the coin supply to be decreased to maintain the objective of a constant exchange rate. Over time, this model can be viewed as decreasing the coin supply if marked to the inflationary external asset value.

Comparing Coin Supply Models

In summary, of the five models described above, four of them are essentially variations on a constant coin supply using various means to distribute the coin, while the fifth tries to keep the value of the coin constant against an external asset value, by managing the supply of the coin.
The equation of exchange: M * V = P * Y[1] tells us that if the amount of money supply, M, (i.e. the coin supply) is constant, and the velocity of money is relatively constant, then an increase in demands for goods (Y), will cause a decrease in the price (P), price deflation. That is, with a fixed coin supply the price of goods is expected to drop, thus increasing the value of the coin. Bitcoin’s increase in value is an example of this. (The Bitcoin ledger does not have the means to determine either prices (P) or goods (Y). Instead, I am inferring from the increase in the value of bitcoins that an increase in demand for Y is occurring. There are possible other explanations.)
However, it should be noted that in order for the equation of exchange to be valid, the assumption of the velocity of money is relatively constant must hold. If holders of the coin stop using it as a currency for the exchange of value, then the M * V = M * 0 = 0. There is no price in that coin for any goods or services. That is, the value of the coin collapses.
Conversely, if the velocity of the coin were to increase significantly, then this creates effectively more available coin, resulting in the price (P) of the goods and services (Y) to increase. This causes price inflation, which encourages coin holders to spend their coin as fast as possible to avoid losing value in the coin. As the price of goods becomes excessive, people shift from the coin to other forms of currency. As this happens, once more a collapse happens.
At an equilibrium point, the coin supply is constant, the velocity is constant, the demand for goods and services is constant, and therefore the price would be constant. At such an equilibrium point, a constant coin supply would be ideal. However, we can observe throughout history that such an equilibrium point is never reached.
Given any sort of constant coin supply, the value of the coin is expected to vary unpredictably and often wildly. Of the 5 models, the first 4 will always be subject to this. Although this may be interesting for speculators, usefulness for general currency is questionable.
The fifth model is to manage the coin supply against an external asset value. In essence, this is a substitution of the coin for the asset. Provided that the coin supply can be managed to reflect the objective exchange rate, the value of the coin should be stable relative to the stability of the external asset value.
However, in my opinion, this marking of value does not take into account exchanges that are wholly internal to the coin and its blockchain. The transfer of a coin balance from one account to another implies an exchange of value, thus the equation of exchange applies internally to the blockchain. This exchange of value is independent of the exchange rate of the coin value versus the external asset value. Thus, the coin supply can be seen as independent of the exchange of value on the blockchain.
Given this assumption, we can make the simplifying assumption that the coin supply is relatively constant with respect to the exchange of value on the blockchain. As a result, one would expect that even though the coin supply is managed against the exchange rate with an external asset, its value can still fluctuate wildly, beyond the ability of coin supply management to compensate. This, in turn, will impact the exchange rate, destroying the intended objective.
As a natural consequence, even with the approach of marking the value of the coin to external asset value, such as the USD, the expected volatility limits the usefulness of the coin as a currency.

Towards A General Currency

As stated in the introduction, I believe that none of the cryptocurrency models described are viable for use as general currencies. In my opinion, my brief non-rigorous analysis above demonstrates this likely to be true. The question remains, what else is needed to create a cryptocurrency that is viable as a general currency.
The equation of exchange shows us what is missing directly: In the equation M * V = P * Y, we can say that on every blockchain we can know the values of M and V directly. The account ledger explicitly shows us this, (ignoring encrypted exchanges). What we do not know is the other side of the equation. We do not know either price (P) or goods and services (Y) for any exchanges that are internal to the blockchain, that is between accounts on the blockchain.
If we compare cryptocurrencies with national fiat currencies, and cryptocurrency exchanges with foreign exchanges, we can see that the foreign exchanges relate the difference in prices in related economies. In comparison, the cryptocurrency exchanges appear to only relate the difference in demand for the cryptocurrencies themselves. This demand only manifests itself during the exchange of cryptocurrencies for each other and between fiat and cryptocurrencies and vice-versa.
It is my position that because the internal use of cryptocurrencies on their own blockchains is currently hidden, none of the above coin supply models will create a currency stable enough to be useful as a general currency. If/when a cryptocurrency model is created that takes into account the currently hidden internal exchange of value, then we will have realized a general currency.
[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equation_of_exchange
submitted by PrasagaOfficial to u/PrasagaOfficial [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Futures

Bitcoin Futures

https://preview.redd.it/vtl1cl1mrwb41.png?width=2784&format=png&auto=webp&s=5705697a0f31ef10ea55680e8f77d0ff939fb3d8
Bitcoin is a digital currency, also known as a cryptocurrency, and is created or mined when people solve complex math puzzles online. Recently, bitcoin futures trading is getting more popular. Let’s find out more:

What is Bitcoin Futures?

A Perpetual Contract is a derivative product that is similar to a traditional Futures Contract. An agreement to buy or sell a commodity at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future. But with one main difference: contrary to Futures, Perpetual Contracts do not have an expiry. So you can hold a position for as long as you like. In addition, perpetual contracts mimic the margin-based spot market and hence trade close to the Index Price. This allows you to amplify the outcome of the deal but it also means that a decrease in the price of a commodity equals to your initial margin. The percentage of the total Funds you provided as collateral will automatically liquidate your equity and close your position. In few words, features is that exist or happen at a later time.

How to trade them?

Let’s understand the context first, for example. Two parties people agree on a deal and that will happen in a later on time. In this case 100 lbs of brown sugar for $1 for per pound. So the sugar company producer, will agree on this deal and start producing the products based on those agreements. To keep in mind, the deal was made on July 4th and the transaction will take place on November 4th of the same year. So, this was an agreement to buy or sell some commodity on a given date for a given price. From this, we can say that the best way to trade futures, it is to manage the unknown and predict futures market changes. In the case of the financial futures, which are literally piece of papers like currency.

Where can I trade BTC futures?

There are many cryptocurrency trading platforms, however not many do trading futures. One of the recent new player in the market is Phemex. Although Phemex is a newbie on the market, it is already the fastest cryptocurrency derivatives exchange on the market. This new exchange is a professional and trustworthy global cryptocurrency derivatives platform. Phemex offers Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin, and EOS perpetual contracts, with up to 100x leverage.
For any inquiries contact us at [email protected].
Follow our official Twitter account to be updated on the latest news.
Join our community on Telegram to interact with us and the Phemex traders.
Phemex, Trade Simple
Click here to learn more about our 2.1 BTC puzzle
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INTRODUCING THE DIGITAL GOLD STORAGE PROJECT, THE DIGITAL GOLD STABLE COIN

INTRODUCING THE DIGITAL GOLD STORAGE PROJECT, THE DIGITAL GOLD STABLE COIN
Gold as a commodity, remains really precious globally. In widespread, having gold establishes the reality which you are already rich and well to do in widespread. Thus, believe having infinite amount of gold in your custody as person. Hence, also consider having it in Crypto currency really worth, which can be exchanged at all factors and time. This makes it extra exciting for Crypto currency fanatics and customers.
Thus, nothing projects a platform constructed on the gold assemble like having actual gold cost as equal as a crypto currency token or coin for customers. In essence, this reassures the blockchain crypto investors, user and extra the generality of investing in the crypto-market. The truth is having in actual time saved gold as crypto currency.

This makes existence real worth living. In essence, it captures the school of wealth introduction and protection in a decentralized manner, which can be accessed at any point or used as deemed fit via the person of the platform. This establishes the premise of greatness in wealth determent to a high-quality volume.


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In variance, been able to use the platform for this purpose is the primary cause for making life of gold users actual thrilling and additionally folks who which to explore the beneficial perspective of obtaining gold.

ABOUT

The Gold-Storage cryptocurrency platform is designed as a unique gold-crypto currency-token platform which gives it’s users endless provide of decentralization and wide range scalability and availability at every second.

This navigates on the basis and construct for a properly structured and dependable interface, that creates the right instances of a way to save gold in a non-centralized way.

This removes the location of robbery and lack of gold precious useful resource and essence, which relates to the cost. The platform is decentralized, transparency, practical liquidity, has self assurance metrics for checking the fame of all customers in phrases of platform usage.


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In view of all platform projects activities, the manner of having gold price change to fiat or vice versa. This is what makes the platform simply exceptional, first rate and specific. In totality, the platform functions a gold node at the crypto currency market.

FEATURES

“All GOLD tokens are backed via physical gold stored in a relaxed vault. The gold stored is audited in real-time and can be verified on-line”(gold.Garage.Io,2019). This makes the validity, cost and exchange rate of the gold definitely dependable for the customers who use the platform. Hence, every GOLD token is issued using Ethereum ERC-20,clever contract and the amount of tokens in move always equals the full quantity of gold bullion held in vault. This is to create responsibility always.

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The GOLD tab has been designed to act as a stable currency, related to the rate of gold. When it involves solid currencies, they are commonly connected to other assets or currencies, but they may be additionally guaranteed. This manner that the quantity of cash positioned into circulate is directly subsidized by property saved within the enterprise’s reserves.

In this manner, consumer tokens are included in opposition to high market volatility, even as the price of the tokens stays stable through the years. These components practice absolutely to the GOLD token, way to its stable foreign money reputation.

In addition to being a solid forex, the GOLD token is an ERC-20 well suited token this is based at once at the Ethereum blockchain. This means that customers can assume to take gain of all of the advantages related to the Ethereum blockchain, which includes instantaneous transactions, immutability, fund protection, automatic registrations and clever contract functionality.

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Instant Transactions, Immutability, Fund Security, Automatic Records and Smart Contract Functionality With the Ethereum Network

As such, any buy of the GOLD token is made thru smart contracts primarily based on Ethereum. In addition, the clever agreement functionality additionally ensures that the amount of cash in circulation stays the same as the quantity of gold stored in the vaults.
The Ethereum-primarily based blockchain presents a degree of reliability that many different cryptocurrencies do now not achieve. Ethereum has been around for some time now, and customers around the sector see it as a solid, reliable and error-unfastened platform.


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Its open source code offers a greater degree of believe, due to the fact that tokens based totally at the ETH blockchain can not be at once managed by using any centralized entity when they have been positioned into movement. Since it runs on top of the Ethereum blockchain, the GOLD token can be saved in a large number of wallets that assist tokens that aid ERC-20 tokens.


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Make Buy and Sell Transactions of GOLD Instantly in GOLD-Marketplace

The manner related to the purchase or sale of the GOLD token. To facilitate an smooth, powerful and efficient buy / sale device, the Digital Gold project has opted for the advent of a marketplace.

By the usage of Digital Gold Marketplace, users can in reality complete a form that initiates a clever settlement, which then transfers newly minted GOLD tokens. The Market acts because the first-class option for purchases and income of GOLD tokens, as it permits customers to carry out those transactions instantly.

With this in thoughts, customers ought to enter the quantity they wish to buy and the ERC20 Ethereum cope with in which the tokens may be credited. Users also can input non-compulsory information, inclusive of their BTC go back cope with or email address for purchase affirmation based totally on email.


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Once fully practical, the marketplace will aid each purchases and income of the GOLD token. Pricing statistics is continually shown within the marketplace. Upon having access to, capability clients will be able to see the cutting-edge gold spot rate, the acquisition fee and the change rate, both in bitcoin (BTC) and ether (ETH).

You can also visit the following exchanges to buy or trade Gold:

  • Cryptex exchange
  • Bitforex exchange
  • Livecoin exchange
  • Catex exchange

For more details; Use the links below

Website: https://gold.storage/
Telegram: https://t.me/digitalgoldcoin
Twitter: https://twitter.com/gold_erc20



Author: Ampere
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=111907


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Risks and advantages of fiat money over gold and cryptocurrencies

Why do people seem to trust fiat currencies so much, despite being nothing but pieces of paper? Because state authorities guarantee that his paper is real money that you can store, exchange, or use to pay for goods and services.
We believe that it's nothing but a force of habit. It's been too long since the last crisis that would really devalue the currency of a major country.
Of course, we remember that inflation in Germany reached millions of percent after the First World War — but this happened long ago. Of course, we know that the currency of Zimbabwe was recently devalued by a factor of millions – but it's a state that’s been ruled by a dictator until recently. And yes, we see that Venezuela – another authoritarian state – is going through hyperinflation right now. But all this happened or is happening in autocratic countries and can't possibly happen in a civilized state – this is the mantra that we repeat to ourselves.
A short historical overview
Fiat paper money has only emerged recently. For thousands of years, people used all kinds of items and goods as a means of payment – cowrie shells, gold, copper, bronze, spices, and so on. If at some point, a certain item became too plentiful, its price would fall, and you could therefore get fewer other goods in exchange for it – and vice versa.
With time, people realized that paying in cowrie shells, metal bars, or something that could go bad or moldy was too complicated and costly.
As with many other issues, it was the ancient Romans who decided to solve the problem once and for all. Every new emperor or dictator made sure to mint coins with their face on them. If there wasn't enough fresh metal available, he would just take coins minted by his predecessor, melt them and make new ones.
It's from that point onward that we can track the key problem of fiat money – its constant devaluation.
For instance, in early 1st century AD, Romans used denarius – a coin made of pure silver. Just 40 years later, during the reign of Nero, a denarius contained only 94% of silver – and by the end of the century, its silver content fell to 85%.
What was the reason? Nero and his successors used this trick to pay less to their creditors. In 2nd century AD, there was less than 50% of silver left in a denarius. In 243, Emperor Philip the Arab reduced the silver content to just 0.05%. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the West, a denarius contained only 0.02% of silver.
This way, over the course of roughly 200 years, the inflation of denarii reached several thousand percent. But if we study more recent examples – say, the real value of the US dollar or pound of sterling in the last 200 years – we'll see a similar picture.
A forecast for the future
Let's go back to the question we asked in the beginning of this article. Why do people trust fiat money?
In the past 70 years, we haven't seen any major wars involving developed countries that could radically devalue their currencies. There haven't been any major natural disasters that could seriously damage the economy, either. Sure, such things keep happening in third-world countries, where currencies lose their value due to military coups, uncontrolled printing of new money, and so on.
If you ask the population in those third-world countries that have been through hyperinflation how they feel about their fiat money, you'll find that their opinion is just the opposite of that shared by people in the West.
That's why gold and jewelry are so popular in the Middle East, and that's why US dollars are in such demand in Latin America. Nobody wants to keep their savings in the local fiat currency – because its long-term stability cannot be guaranteed.
Gold is a great way to store value, especially when fiat currency is devalued rapidly for no reason.
Here's a simple example. Let's take country Z with a stable economy and equally stable fiat currency. Bob keeps his savings in a deposit account and earns a 5% annual interest. Alice uses her fiat savings to buy physical gold and then either buries it in her garden or stores it in a bank vault.
A disaster strikes: a military coup, volcano eruption, flood – you name it. The fiat currency of Z loses most of its value in an instant. And if the government decides to print more money (to pay for disaster relief or as a populist measure), inflation can quickly reach astronomical heights.
Bob's savings will be worth nothing – but Alice won't lose anything. If local fiat money is devalued by a factor of 100 relative to the US dollar, its exchange rate relative to gold will fall by a similar amount.
Any educated person can understand this – but why are so few people actually buying gold to protect their savings? And why do the majority of people take their money to the bank, even though generations after generations have lost their bank deposits?
There is only one issue with storing value in gold: buying it is complicated, costly, and sometimes dangerous. Here we'll cite just a few examples, although we could provide many more:
- In many countries you have to pay a fixed tax or VAT when buying gold, ranging from 10% to 25%. This means you'll lose up to a quarter of your money at once. Not such a great investment, is it?
- The spread between the buying and selling price of gold often reaches 10%;
- Storing gold at home is risky; storing it in a bank vault means paying a fee and can still be dangerous;
- In case of a military coup of natural disaster, if you need to exchange your gold for money, you can easily get killed. Modern-day Caracas is a good example: people are attacked even when they are suspected of carrying around as little as $100.
Cryptocurrency to the rescue
In the context of the issues described above, cryptocurrencies are a god-send for people in third-world countries. Crypto helps preserve the value of money and hide it in case of a crisis.
The demand for Bitcoin among the middle class in Africa and Asia is several times higher than in Europe. Why do people prefer Bitcoin and show much less interest in other altcoins? Because the maximum number of Bitcoins is finite. Whatever happens in the world of fiat currencies, even if governments print dozens and hundreds of times more money, new Bitcoins will only enter the market through mining – and over 80% of the total have already been mined.
Bitcoin doesn't belong to anyone. There is no organization or country that can control it. In the 10 years that have passed since its launch, nobody has managed to hack the system – while even the leading IT corporations regularly fall victim to hacker attacks.
The only real problem is that most holders of fiat money and gold bars find it’s hard to accept Bitcoin's volatility. Indeed, if the BTC price has grown by a factor of 100 or 1000, it could theoretically fall by just as much, completely devaluing one's investment. Who would take such a risk?
If only one could invest in digital gold that can't lose its value relative to fiat currencies and free from the risks and complexities of purchasing, storing and selling it that are inherent to physical gold.
The future is already here
DIGITAL GOLD is a company that has found a solution to the challenge of money storage. In summer 2019, it launched a new stablecoin which serves the purpose of Digital Gold.
Now, investors seeking to protect their savings won't have to deal with the costs and dangers of buying physical gold. It's enough to purchase GOLD stablecoins, built on the popular ERC-20 standard. In less than a minute, any person anywhere on the globe can buy $10, $100, or $1000 worth of new digital gold.
The tokens will be instantly sent to the buyer's wallet, and the only transaction fee will be the cost of gas. The risk factor is also low, granted that the greatest loss would be losing one's wallet credentials. Exchanging the digital gold back into fiat or another cryptocurrency takes just a minute as well, alongside the gas cost (usually a few cents).
Why do we call GOLD stablecoins, digital gold? Because DIGITAL GOLD has pegged it directly to the price of gold at the ratio of 1 token = 1 gram of 99.99% gold.
The new stablecoin features several key differences from previous projects that claimed to have gold-pegged tokens:
GOLD stablecoins are a highly innovative instrument that is sure to attract different groups of investors. Those who have always wanted to buy gold but didn't because of the high costs and risks can now invest in gold within a few clicks.
Yet another factor that can prove crucial in developing markets is full anonymity. By contrast, it's impossible to maintain one's privacy when buying, transporting, and storing physical gold.
These and other advantages are bound to make GOLD a preferred investment asset of the future – and each of us can join this future right now.


Website : https://gold.storage/
Whitepaper: https://gold.storage/wp.pdf
Follow us on social media:
Twitter: https://twitter.com/gold_erc20
Telegram: https://t.me/digitalgoldcoin
Steemit: https://steemit.com/@digitalgoldcoin
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/golderc20/
Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5161544
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Why Does Bitcoin Have Value ? Is Bitcoin a Commodity or a currency? Forex Copy Trade Software. Stock, Gold, Index, Bitcoin, commodity all in one for mt4 & mt5 by AsirFx Weekly Market Updates (Index, Commodities, Currency & Bitcoin) by D K Sinha #TechnicalAnalysis Bitcoin Evolution Review: Is it a Scam or Legit?

Some focus exclusively on a single currency, usually Bitcoin. Other exchanges provide trading across hundreds of altcoins. Two of the best exchanges when it comes to the variety of currency pairs are Kraken (over 30 unique cryptocurrencies with 85+ fiat/crypto and 65+ crypto/crypto pairs) and Coinbase (over 20 unique cryptocurrencies). Bitcoin and Other Virtual Currencies Today, fintech is driving innovation in financial markets across the globe. New technologies are wide-ranging in scope, from cloud computing and algorithmic trading to distributed ledgers to artificial intelligence and machine learning to network cartography, and many others. Bitcoin is a new currency that was created in 2009 by an unknown person using the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. Transactions are made with no middle men – meaning, no banks! Bitcoin can be used to Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency to successfully record transactions on a secure, decentralized blockchain-based network. Launched in early 2009 by its pseudonymous creator Satoshi Nakamoto Bitcoin as Gold: Fiat currency remains the main unit of exchange everywhere except in a few extremely dysfunctional economies like Venezuela’s. But Bitcoin’s market capitalization remains

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Why Does Bitcoin Have Value ?

bitcoin historical volatility index bitcoin historical volatility bitcoin historical value chart ... The Incoming Currency Crisis is Starting: Be Prepared - Duration: 8:40. #bitcoin #cryptocurrency #news #btc #ethereum #eth #cryptocurrency #litecoin #altcoin #altcoins #eos #forex ***NOT FINANCIAL, LEGAL, OR TAX ADVICE! JUST OPINION! I AM NOT AN EXPERT! I DO NOT ... You should always consult with a professional/licensed financial adviser before trading or investing in any asset, security, commodity, derivative or cryptocurrency related instrument! 3:15 Bitcoin Performance 2020 3:40 Correlation Between BTC And S&P500 (Stock Market Index) 4:30 Corona Crisis Effect On The Global Market 5:20 S&P500 Chart Analysis 2020 5:50 Bitcoin Chart ... COMMODITY TIME: This is a weekly series where channel analyses commodities like Gold, silver, Crude oil, base metals such as copper, zinc, Nickle, Lead etc. 6. FOREX TIME : Currency pairs are ...

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