Scaling Bitcoin 2015 Phase II - December 6th-7th Hong Kong
Scaling Bitcoin 2015 Phase II - December 6th-7th Hong Kong
Adam Back: How to Scale Bitcoin Securely | Meetup
multiple new BIP proposals coming up on day 2 of scaling
Scaling Bitcoin 2016 "Retarget" - October 8th-9th Milan, Italy
A Bevy of Block Size Proposals Dec. 2015 - Scaling Bitcoin
Bitcoin - The Currency of the Internet
A community dedicated to Bitcoin, the currency of the Internet. Bitcoin is a distributed, worldwide, decentralized digital money. Bitcoins are issued and managed without any central authority whatsoever: there is no government, company, or bank in charge of Bitcoin. You might be interested in Bitcoin if you like cryptography, distributed peer-to-peer systems, or economics. A large percentage of Bitcoin enthusiasts are libertarians, though people of all political philosophies are welcome.
Gregory Maxwell overstepped his bounds as lead bitcoin developer when he quite blatantly stated his personal agenda at the conclusion of the HK scaling
Since Bitcoin is an electronic cash, it isn't a generic database; the demand for cheap highly-replicated perpetual storage is unbounded, and Bitcoin cannot and will not satisfy that demand for non-ecash (non-Bitcoin) usage, and there is no shame in that. Fortunately, Bitcoin can interoperate with other systems that address other applications, and--with luck and hard work--the Bitcoin system can and will satisfy the world's demand for electronic cash. Bitcoin is P2P electronic cash that is valuable over legacy systems because of the monetary autonomy it brings to its users through decentralization. Bitcoin seeks to address the root problem with conventional currency: all the trust that's required to make it work--
Gregory Maxwell sees bitcoin as a money only system. To him, 0 confirm transactions should never be used. It is therefore a "settlement" system. Anything not related to cash he wants done with side chains. That is pretty convenient for him because his company is focused on those solutions. The problem is that bitcoin won't get large blocks, it won't have as many users if you continue down a development path that essentially mandates blockstream solutions. Finally, his solution is to make temporary patches to bitcoin "when the need arises" so the block size limit doesn't push too many users off. That is an interesting design paradigm that could lead to many problems. The final solution of a "flex cap" proposal is worthy of it's own discussion. Security is directly related to miners revenue. A flex cap guarantees that a miner cannot make maximum revenue. A large block size... a larger block size than what is necessary is a tool that miners can use to find the optimum revenue because of price elasticity. The demand for transactions can go up and down if the price changes enough, and the price changes depending on the supply of available blockspace and the current demand. finding the maximum revenue is difficult and the only possible way is for the market to find it. Flex cap solutions decrease the security potential of the network because they do not allow maximum revenue to miners. It's also possible that they guarantee fees go upwards the more users that use the system which guarantees that the userbase of bitcoin cannot see it's potential.
Namecoin and the future of self-sovereign digital identity.
Namecoin's motto is "Bitcoin frees money – Namecoin frees DNS, identities, and other technologies." biolizard89 has done fantastic work on the DNS part, but let's focus on the identity use case here. Recent events have convinced me that digital identity on the internet is broken. Consider:
Twitter hack. Twitter's internal admin tool was compromised by hackers to commandeer ~130 top verified users including Biden, Obama, Buffet, Musk, Bezos, Apple, Uber, etc. to tweet out crypto scams on these users accounts.
GPT-3 is ready for release and will allow bad actors to AstroTurf and control the narrative on social networks for monetary and political gain at massive scale. Also take a peek at /SubSimulatorGPT2/ which is solely populated by GPT bots to get a taste.
ARTBreeder can create user profile images that are indistinguishable from real users.
Deepfakes can twist reality and manipulate faces and voices to turn real actors into puppets promoting false narratives.
What was true in 1993 when cartoonist Peter Steiner wrote "On the internet, nobody knows you are a dog" is still true today. The only difference is that identity is increasingly being weaponized using AI/ML so "On the internet, nobody knows you are a bot" would perhaps be more apt. I read the following comment from a user on slashdot yesterday:
For the time being, you can assume that this comment was written by a human being. You can click on my username, look back at my history of posts, and go, "OK, here's a bunch of posts, by a person, going back more than a decade, to the TIME BEFORE BOTS." That is, before the first year of 2020.
Since humans are likely to adopt the majority opinion, bad actors find real value in being able to control the narrative online by surrounding the reader with manufactured opinions by bots that due to advances in ML/AI are quickly becoming indistinguishable from real users. This amounts to a Sybil attack on the minds of digital content consumers and poses major threat to the integrity of our social fabric. Apart from the recent twitter incident used for scamming, nation states have been known to create massive bot armies of fake and hijacked user accounts to try and shift the narratives regarding the Hong Kong independence protests as well as national elections. This will only increase. Currently, our digital identity is fragmented into silo's largely controlled by government institutions and mega corporations (FAANG) based on a "Trust us" model. As recent events have proven, this is a bad model and in dire need of improvement/replacement. IMHO we need to move from "Trust us" to a "Trust but verify" model where the user is in full control of their digital identity. Namecoin can and should play an important role in building this 'web of trust composed of self-sovereign identities" as it is neutral (no owner), permissionless and secure (merge-mined). Daniel already developed a proof of concept with NameID but what can we do to take this further? Personally I'd like to see users create Namecoin identities and link them to their social identities (e.g. Google, Facebook, Twitter, Reddit, etc). Then whenever they create content, they sign it with their private keys. This would allow a reader to verify the content was created by the user. Content verification would have stopped the recent twitter hack, because even if the hackers would have access to internal admin tools they would not have the private keys that the users produce valid content with. "Not your keys, not your content" Content verification is only one part. Ideally a user would like to verify the integrity of the content creator as well. E.g. has this user passed human verification in any of the linked platforms? Does a trusted linked entity vouch for the reputation or integrity of this user (e.g. a government entity, financial entity or non-governmental organization?). This would require those platforms to allow linking of Namecoin ID with their Platform ID and allow lookup and signing of metadata provided by these platforms. (e.g. UserID Y is linked to PlatformID X and completed human verification on date Z, signed Twitter). I image users could install an extension similar to uBlock or Privacy Badger that contains human curated blacklists and heuristics that operate on Namecoin entities to perform these checks and flag or filter content and users that fail integrity checks. This would allow a users to automatically weed out potential bots and trolls but keep full control of this process themselves, avoiding potential censorship if this task would fall on the platform owners themselves (something governments are pushing for). We could take this even further and integrate Namecoin ID's in software and hardware devices as well. This could create chains of trust to verify the entire chain of content creation and manipulation to the final content posted on a social platform. Where every entity signs the resulting content. (E.g. camera -> photoshop -> twitter post) Apart from signing content/messages (PGP style). Namecoin could perhaps also be used for managing identity tokens in a users 'Identity wallet'. Looking into my physical wallet this could include things like credit cards, insurance cards, government issued IDs, membership cards, transportation cards, key cards, etc. This could be done similar to 'colored coins' on Bitcoin. But would have to support some type of smart contract functionality to be useful (e.g. expiring tokens, etc). I'm not a developer nor a technical writer, but I do think we need to think long and hard about how we can solve digital identity in a way that empowers users to trust and verify the content and identities of the peers we interact with online while also respecting privacy and preventing censorship by external parties. Namecoin could be the better path to building this web of trust, but given the current pace of AI/ML and the willingness by bad actors to weaponize it at scale against users interests we might not have much time. (Apologies for the rant!)
Cardano: Blockchain 3.0 (Introductory article; Not a piece of investment advice)
Hey, all! We have compiled an article about Cardano. The main motto of this post is to give a quick summary of Cardano to the users. Please feel free to comment your opinions, views and spark a discussion. It would help us in delivering better content. Thanks in advance.
Cardano: Blockchain 3.0
https://preview.redd.it/d456rnf9vmj41.jpg?width=1903&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bc002560fe2670cab1e103ad73093026f8515b5f Cryptocurrencies came into existence to eliminate the need for middlemen while transacting value from one to another. Satoshi Nakamoto was able to achieve this with the help of Blockchain technology. Though it gave the world Bitcoin, it was confined just to payments and hasn’t evolved to a greater extent. Ethereum exploited the blockchain technology and introduced the revolutionary smart contracts. Though this marked the beginning of the second generation of the blockchain, some challenges were left unsettled. Cardano took a distinctive approach in fixing the persisting issues by building on the already existing things that made sense and adding sustainable features with the help of new technology and innovation. In this post, ChangeHero will introduce give you a quick summary of Cardano. Genesis Cardano is a decentralized blockchain aiming to build a platform for the development of DApps and verifiable smart contracts. Dubbed as the third generation of the blockchain, Cardano aims to fix the pestering problems like scalability, interoperability and sustainability. Charles Hoskinson, Ethereum’s co-founder launched Cardano in the year 2015. Additionally, three organizations support and contribute to the development of the ecosystem. Cardano Foundation, a non-profit organization based in Switzerland, oversees and supervises the development of the ecosystem. Input Output HK (IOHK) is an independent firm contracted to carry out the designing and building of the network. Finally, Emurgo is employed to boost adoption through its commercial ventures. It is the first blockchain which is based on scientific philosophy and developed by academics and engineers around the world. Unlike the traditional cryptocurrency projects, Cardano did not start with a whitepaper, instead, it began with a set of principles. Cardano is a multi-layered protocol — Cardano Settlement Layer (CSL) used to settle transactions of ADA and functions similar to other networks for recording the transactions. The second one is called Cardano Control Layer (CCL) and used for smart contracts. This strategy of using different layers enables storing of metadata separately and strengthens the security of the network. The platform uses Haskell coding language and the smart contracts to be coded in Plutus. In addition, Marlowe, a new language, designed specifically for the freshmen in development to build financial instruments like smart contracts. These are functional programming languages which strengthen the security and accommodates for quick changes in case of future updates. Scaling with Ouroboros Scalability is a baffling issue that all the cryptocurrencies face. Cardano network itself was built in a layered structure to cope with the scalability issues. As explained earlier, transactions and smart contracts take place on different layers and the information will not be shared from one to another. In addition, Cardano tackles this with a modified version of Proof-of-Stake consensus called Ouroboros, a Provably Secure Proof of Stake. Unlike Bitcoin, all the nodes in Cardano are not required to have a full copy of the blockchain. Instead, a slot leader brings all these nodes together in the process of reaching a consensus. Though full nodes like Daedalus wallets can reach consensus, only slot leaders are capable of creating and adding a block to the chain. In Ouroboros, time is divided into Epochs which further sectioned into slots. These slots are short periods of time which usually last for 20 seconds. Each slot will have its own slot leader who works similar to miners and responsible for confirming the transaction and adding blocks to the chain. They can create not more than one block per slot and the transaction fees along with the block rewards of the epoch will be pooled together and distributed to these leaders and further to the stakeholders. Theoretically, even a user holding 1 ADA can become a slot leader but the probability is quite low. At the moment, there is no accurate figure of ADA to be staked to get a chance to add the block. We’ve also been hearing that it would be somewhere between a million and two million ADA to become a slot leader. But it's clear that the higher the stake, the higher the chances of becoming a slot leader. These qualified candidates are considered electors for the next epochs. Elections will be held by a random number generation method and the owner of the coin becomes a slot leader for the next epoch. Cardano has also adopted the RINA (Recursive Inter-Network Architecture) to improve the scaling. On top of this, the team is inclined towards Partitioning in which users can have only a chunk of blockchain and aiming to achieve this through side chains. Interoperability with Side Chains Even in 2020, it is difficult for different blockchains to understand each other and even tougher to communicate with traditional financial services. Though cryptocurrency exchanges bridge the gap, they are vulnerable to attacks and can be influenced by regulatory policies. Cardano envisions to build the Internet of blockchain and enable users to perform cross-chain transactions with the help of side chains. Cardano supports the Kiayias, Miller and Zindros (KMZ) proofs of proofs of work to allow for the movement of funds from the CSL to CCL and other blockchains as well. Moreover, Cardano is also working on a mechanism to incorporate the Metadata into the transaction in an encrypted manner. Sustainability There are a ton of projects in the blockchain space. To stay alive in this red ocean, continuous innovation and a robust governance system are a must. Sustainability lies right in the core of Cardano. The ecosystem has a grants fund called Treasury. Whenever a block is added to the chain, a part of the reward will be added to the Treasury. Someone who intends to develop the platform can submit a ballot for a grant which will be decided by the stakeholders through voting. As the network grows and the transactions increase, and the funds in the treasury keeps on filling up. This results in the availability of funds all the time for the development of the network. In addition, the network will use Liquid Democracy for governance providing more room for the stakeholders. Furthermore, the team aims to build a constitution for the protocol to avoid any unintentional hard forks. Cardano follows a timeline in the form of eras to deploy vital upgrades to the platform. On February 20, the team has successfully completed the OBFT hard fork, a pre-planned one. It is a development over the already existing consensus mechanism, Ouroboros Classic. With this planned upgrade, Cardano has begun the transition to the Shelley era which focuses on the community and decentralization. ADA ADA is the native cryptocurrency of the Cardano network. The sole purpose of the Cardano is to enable a true peer-to-peer payment with the help of the ADA digital currency. Simply put, ADA can be used to transact value across individuals without any middlemen. It does allow the developers to create smart contracts and also provides voting rights to the holders for governance. Furthermore, the team specifically designed the Daedalus wallet for holding and transacting ADA. Nope, not going to discuss pricing here) Blockchain 3.0 Despite the criticism for its consensus mechanism and delays in the network upgrades, Cardano is delivering on what it promised. With all being said, Cardano is a unique project which is delivering the best by fusing in the essentials from the existing chains and adding sustainable features through innovation in a scientific approach. For the Blockchain 3.0, the best bet would be to wait for the future upgrades and witness how things unfold. Finally, a big shoutout to the Cardano community on Reddit for their comments and feedback on the article. Upvote and comment if you have enjoyed the article. As always, follow ChangeHero here for more of such informative and interesting articles on crypto. Edit: Made changes as per the feedback to make the content more accurate. Edited the original article published on Medium as well. A big thanks to all of you guys.
Blockchain in Insurance: Use Cases and Implementations
This article was first posted on Medium:https://medium.com/swlh/blockchain-in-insurance-use-cases-and-implementations-a42a00ebcd91 Almost all major insurers are planning to integrate blockchain by 2021, according to PwC. At first glance, such a high level of commitment to new tech may seem surprising in an old and traditional industry such as insurance. However, enterprise blockchain adoption is poised to help insurers significantly cut costs, become more responsive to customers, and write more business. Two recurring themes throughout this post are that:
Blockchain can lower costs for insurers and lower insurance premiums for customers.
Blockchain can help insurers understand & price risks better by allowing customer, risk and policy information to be shared more quickly and securely across parties the insurance ecosystem. This will increase revenue and growth prospects by allowing insurers to price insurance products more accurately.
Costs are becoming an issue for insurers. Life insurers in Asia and the US have seen cost ratios climb above 30% and 20% respectively over the past few years. This figure should ideally be below 20%. Part of this is due to increased compliance costs such as Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) laws. A bigger reason is that selling and servicing insurance policies is still a complex and labor intensive process. Insurance Growth Rates (CAGR) 2012–17. Source: EY A recent EY insurance market report showed low growth rates for Life insurance and Non-Life insurance outside Asia Pacific. Digging deeper, Life insurance premiums in the US declined by 0.4% from 2012–17. Insurers find themselves needing to reduce operating costs and write business more effectively. While blockchain is not a magic elixir, proper adoption will help address these needs.
What is Blockchain?
In their book “Blockchain Revolution,” authors Don and Alex Tapscott describe blockchain as “an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.” Organizations need secure ways to record transactions and manage information flows, making blockchain’s appeal easy to see. Blockchains ensures that:
All participants have a copy of the digital ledger and that each copy is updated in real-time when transactions occur;
There is no centralized server, making hacking next to impossible;
A recorded transaction theoretically cannot be reversed, which makes the ledger an immutable source of truth no matter how many participants hold copies;
Transaction data, records, and participant identities can be authenticated while remaining private.
Enterprise blockchains used by companies are different from public blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. Public blockchains are too clunky and slow for enterprise purposes. Enterprises require scale and speed — the ability to process hundreds of thousands of transactions very quickly. Public blockchains suffer from very low transaction speeds. Their verification process is cumbersome because participants are unknown and untrusted. Private enterprise blockchains don’t suffer from this limitation since all participants are known and trusted. Enterprise blockchains have the following characteristics:
Participation requires invitation: all participants in the blockchain network are trusted
Data is private and secure: you don’t have access to transactions that you are not a party to, even though you’re on the same blockchain network
Enterprise blockchains are fast and light: the network can handle thousands of transactions per second and numerous participants working in tandem
‘Smart contracts’ automate processes: transaction rules and process flows can be programmed to execute automatically, allowing payments and transfers to execute without human intervention, for example
The insurance industry will benefit from blockchain because most underwriting and claims activity requires cooperation among multiple parties. Some of these parties are from outside the firm, making data security important. Reconciling data from multiple sources during claims investigation, for example, is time and resource intensive and prone to manual error. Putting this data on a blockchain would streamline operations.
Blockchain Use Cases in Insurance
Industries have always adopted technology that has made it easier, faster and cheaper to conduct business. Blockchain tech promises to deliver on all three fronts, especially in the insurance industry, which is seen as slow and complex. Let’s face it, insurance customers don’t enjoy interacting with insurance companies. Customers often deal with time-consuming paper forms when applying for a policy or submitting a claim. They may have to speak with people at insurance companies and hospitals, for example, to get medical insurance claims reimbursed. On the flip side, insurance companies have to deal with the high costs of managing and servicing policies. Many of these costs are administrative — claims administration, verification and reconciliation of information, and paperwork. Insurance also requires coordination among many parties — consumers, brokers, insurers and reinsurers. This introduces overhead costs that translate to higher premiums paid by customers. Blockchain can help make selling and servicing insurance better, faster and cheaper by improving fraud prevention,claims management, health insurance, and reinsurance. The end result could be lower prices and better experiences for customers.
According to the FBI, non-health insurance fraud in the US is estimated to be over $40 billion per year, which can cost families between $400–700 per year in extra premiums. Common types of insurance fraud can be eliminated by moving insurance claims onto a blockchain-based ledger that is shared among insurance companies and cannot be modified. It can prevent criminals from collecting money from different insurers for the same claim, for example. Blockchain will make coordination easier among insurers. If all insurers access a shared blockchain ledger, they would know if a claim has already been paid. Since all insurers use the same historical claims information, it would also be easier to identify suspicious behavior. Insurers currently try to detect fraud by using publicly available data as well as data acquired from private companies. The problem is that these data sets are incomplete due to legal constraints around sharing personally identifiable information of individuals. Blockchain, by cryptographically securing data, would allow claims information to be shared across insurers without divulging personally identifiable information.
Putting insurance policies on a blockchain as smart contracts can radically improve the efficiency of Property & Casualty (P&C) insurance, saving insurers more than $200B a year in operating costs according to BCG. Let’s use car insurance to illustrate this. If you get into a car accident and it was the other driver’s fault, you must submit a claim to your insurance company to recover your loss. Your insurance company investigates your claim and tries to recover money from the other driver’s insurance company. The other insurance company has its own claims processes, which leads to duplicated work, delays, and possible human error. The end result is that you get paid much later than you’d like, and insurers spend time and money on unprofitable activities. Putting insurance policies and claims data on a blockchain that different insurers, reinsurers, brokers, and other parties can access reduces duplicate manual work by different parties. Insurance policies as smart contracts on a blockchain automatically execute programmed claims processing actions, automating information transfers between insurers and other parties, and releasing payments to policyholders. Additional info such as claims forms and supporting evidence supplied by policyholders can later be added to the blockchain so that all parties have the same information, making disputes unlikely.
Blockchain enables fast, accurate, and secure sharing of medical data among healthcare providers and insurers. This will translate into faster health insurance claims processing and lower health insurance costs for customers. Privacy laws around sharing patient data among hospitals and health insurance providers makes it time-consuming and expensive to process health insurance claims. Lack of data can even lead to insurance claim denials. Patients deal with numerous doctors, hospitals and insurers over time and across borders. A patient’s medical history exists in fragments across healthcare providers and insurers. Worse, the way in which insurers and healthcare providers cooperate, share patient data, and process claims involves complex manual work & reconciliation. Even the technical infrastructure for medical records is outdated. Putting encrypted patient records on a blockchain allows healthcare providers and insurers to access a patient’s medical data without sacrificing patient confidentiality. An industry-wide synchronized database of patient data can save the industry billions annually. Patient privacy is ensured because the blockchain stores cryptographic signatures for each medical record, which verifies the authenticity of the record without having to actually store any sensitive info on the blockchain. Changes to a patient’s medical records are also stored on the blockchain, which creates an audit trail.
Data sharing among insurers and reinsurance companies is complex, time consuming, and requires inefficient manual work. Blockchain can streamline information flows between insurers and reinsurers. Reinsurers provide insurance to insurance companies. That way, insurance companies won’t get wiped out when many claims occur at once, such as during a hurricane or earthquake. The problem is that reinsurance processes are lengthy, inefficient, manual and are based on one-off contracts. Insurance companies generally engage multiple reinsurers for the same risk, which means that data has to be shared among many companies to settle claims. When reinsurers and insurers share a blockchain ledger, data related to policies, premiums and losses can exist on insurers’ and reinsurers’ systems simultaneously. This takes away the need for reconciliation, which saves everyone time and money. Reinsurers can also automate claims processing and settlement. PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates that blockchain can save the reinsurance industry up to $10 billion, which can then lead to lower insurance premiums for customers.
Blockchain Implementation in Insurance
Saving the best for last, here are just some examples of how the insurance industry is using blockchain. Keep in mind that at this point, there are more prototypes and POCs than full-scale implementations.
R3 is an enterprise blockchain company. It maintains an ecosystem of over 300 firms across industries that build blockchain software apps on top of its Corda platform. These apps can be used across industries from insurance to banking to healthcare. R3 maintains 2 versions of Corda; an open source platform and an enterprise-specific version called Corda Enterprise. Both versions of Corda are compatible with each other. Insurance-specific applications on Corda are designed to help insurers automate back office activities, streamline operational flows, and generally spend less time on things like claims admin and data processing. There are also apps being development to speed up underwriting and enable faster data sharing among insurers and reinsurers. Basically, Corda wants to host a common set of insurance apps that the entire industry can use to cut costs and boost revenue. Corda currently boasts over 15 insurance-specific apps, with a few of these deployed into production such as:
Blocksure OS: solves problems related to legacy systems, slow manual processes and high rates of error by automating policy admin and claims activities. Policyholders can access all policy and claims info in one app.
MIDAS: is a motor insurance authentication platform designed to serve 80 motor insurance companies in Hong Kong. It provides real-time authentication of motor insurance policies, verification, and audit trails. This can help with fraud detection and reduce time required for certain verification activities when it comes to policy and claims management.
B3i was a blockchain consortium, now an independent software company, supported by leading insurers and reinsurers including Swiss Re, AXA, Zurich, Munich Re, and Allianz. They develop blockchain-based applications for insurers and reinsurers and aim to create industry-wide standards. B3i aims to use blockchain tech to streamline back office processes and claims management — basically lower costs and do things faster. In 2018, B3i switched from IBM’s Hyperledger Fabric to R3’s Corda platform. In July 2019, they launched a Catastrophe Excess of Loss product on Corda. The product is designed for brokers, insurers and reinsurers to negotiate and place risks more efficiently by reducing manual activities related to placing, renewing and managing treaties.
In 2017, AXA launched Fizzy, a blockchain platform for flight delay insurance. Customers purchase flight delay insurance, which is recorded in a smart contract. The platform is connected to global air traffic databases and receives flight statuses. If a customer’s flight is delayed for more than two hours, the smart contract automatically triggers payment to the customer. Customers don’t have to fill out claims forms or speak to service reps. The claim is deposited directly to their bank account. Customer satisfaction: maximized. AXA does not have to spend time processing claims, verifying flight data, or enduring paperwork for payment authorizations. They save on time & cost and can deploy these resources to more profitable activities. Update: Fizzy has since been discontinued after 2 years, possibly due to lack of appetite from the travel/airline industry. Regardless, Fizzy was a pioneer of sorts and has laid the groundwork for future blockchain insurance platforms.
Hong Kong insurer Blue Cross is using blockchain since April 2019 to speed up medical insurance claims processing and prevent fraud. Blue Cross’ blockchain platform validates claims data in real-time, which greatly reduces fraud potential from duplicate claims filing, for example. Claims are also processed faster for their 200,000+ customers. The platform also removes the need to reconcile claims data across parties such as insurers and medical service providers. Medical practitioners such as doctors and chiropractors who don’t employ many admin support staff could save time and money by partnering with Blue Cross. Blue Cross’ blockchain platform is built on Hyperledger. Blue Cross is owned by Bank of East Asia.
Insurwave is a blockchain-based marine hull insurance platform launched in 2018. The platform was a collaboration among Ernst & Young, Guardtime, Maersk, Microsoft, and ACORD. It was built on R3’s Corda platform. Insurwave provides real-time information on ships’ location, condition, and safety factors that both insurers and customers can access. If ships enter high-risk areas, Insurwave automatically factors this into underwriting and pricing calculations. Premium calculations for this type of insurance are very complex. Having an immutable audit trail for ship-specific information substantially eases this calculation, enables accurate pricing, and speeds up underwriting. Insurers are also able to better account for ship-specific risks.
The Future of Blockchain in Insurance
These are still early days. Most of the work around blockchain in insurance is in the Proof of Concept stage and regulation is slowly catching up. However, we have already seen some applications that have gone live. The ‘quickest win’ for blockchain in insurance is in the area of cost control. Rising costs are hitting insurers across most markets. Blockchain platforms and Dapps that allow firms to free up resources by automating claims management, fraud detection and data reconciliation, for example, will be heartily endorsed by executives. The real win will be when blockchain platforms enable insurers to create better products and onboard customers faster — things that bring in revenue. For this to happen, we need a more robust ecosystem of insurers, reinsurers, tech companies and service providers working together on industry-standard blockchain platforms. This has already started with software companies like R3 launching enterprise-grade blockchain platforms such as Corda Enterprise. We also have leading insurers involved in B3i that share common goals related to blockchain development. It remains to be seen if these natural competitors share enough long-term interests to sustain the initiative. If not, industry-wide blockchain adoption may take longer and become more fragmented. However, the benefits are too obvious to ignore. We will probably see a few committed companies invest early in blockchain and enjoy a short period of above-normal performance, with early adoption coming from mature markets burdened with high costs as well as some parts of Southeast Asia (e.g. China, which proactively adopts tech). The rest of the industry will follow.
A clear over-reaction over my post due to self-promotion rule. Let’s talk about self-promo, censorship, independent content creators, centralization of information, and healthy environment.
This subreddit is exclusively dedicated to the mods of reddit. They can post and talk about anything they like.
As some of you noticed, I’ve posted my article in this sub yesterday, which received a very negative reaction. I can understand that some old mods are very sensitive to self-promo posts, so they might downvote an article even without reading it, but I was also told to literally “fuck off” by u/roionsteroids, his comment was upvoted, all my comments were downvoted, and my post was even deleted. Wow, seems like a very healthy environment, guys. Let me point out a few things about my original post:
The link didn’t have any harmful content.
The content of the article perfectly suited this sub and would be useful for at least some mods.
The article was only posted in this sub (well, apart from dactivism, which I’ve created and it has 2 members).
The response that I got was a clear over-reaction due to self-promo, so I’ve decided to write this post in order to start a discussion about self-promo, which is perfectly aligned with the purpose of this sub “to discuss moderation things”. So for those, who missed, let’s recap what has happened. Timeline.
Now, when we know a timeline, let’s discuss the details. Why did I post the article in this sub?
To increase exposure.
To increase impact.
Exposure. A useful post and self-promotion are not exclusive ideas at all. An author, who writes articles and posts them on Reddit, is not necessary a spammer. More than that, self-promotion per se is not even forbidden on Reddit, but its ratio is recommended to be within 10%, which I’ll later argue is an outdated rule that centralizes the distribution of information, making it easier for well-funded adversaries to control the narrative (corporate media, state-sponsored propaganda, etc.). Impact. After publishing an article, I’ve started writing Subreddit Improvement Proposals (SIPs) for different subs that I care about, e.g. CryptoCurrency, Monero, HongKong, etc. However, these SIPs take too much time to write and there are lots of crypto-related and activism-related subs, so I’ve also decided to post an article in a sub with lots of moderators to increase both exposure and impact. modclub seemed to be a good fit. Value of the article. Some people suggested that an article is not valuable, because all mods already know about flairs, wiki, and megathreads. Well, that might be true, but if you actually read the article, you will find many other more advanced recommendations like surveys, cultural exchanges, different ways to deal with noise, organize and request AMAs, etc. I didn’t find any other article with such a detailed list of best Reddit’s practices with images and links, so I believe it to be a unique content. However, I might be wrong, so feel free to link such article here, I’d love to review it and link it in open-source manual decentralized-activism. Also there are many subs that have 100K+ users and they still don’t use basic features like flairs or wiki, so even simple recommendations can be a good reminder for them. Anyway, it might be not a perfect article, but it definitely has many tips that will be useful for mods. What could have happened if the article was not downvoted? Firstly, less experienced mods would get ideas for their subs. Secondly, more experienced mods could get some ideas as well (e.g. surveys, cultural exchanges, event calendars, hubs, etc.) Thirdly, very experienced mods could give more cool suggestions that would be discussed, implemented, and also added to an original article and to an open-source manual. Now addressing my high ratio of self-promo. Here is a copy-paste response from another comment. I write lots of crypto-related articles, which perfectly fit into many crypto-related subs at once. For example, my articles about off-chain scaling were often posted in 5-6 subs ( CryptoCurrency, Ethereum, Bitcoin, btc, etc.) and were still upvoted and discussed. One of the posts got 166 comments, which is a good proof that it's a valuable contribution, rather than spam, despite being posted in many subs. Another example is articles about digital activism that also fit into many subs. For example, I was posting HK privacy/security suggestions not only in privacy-oriented subs, but also in subs of different countries, where protests have started. I don't care much whether somebody will call me a spammer, but I do care that the knowledge of Hong Kong activists will be shared with many other activists across the world, because that can potentially save their lives. OK, enough about me.
Unjust laws exist; shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once? (c) Henry David Thoreau
Self-promotion in general. Now, when I’ve shared my thoughts about yesterday’s situation, let’s talk about self-promotion in general. Many mods here contribute their free time to a good cause, which is great, and I do a lot of activism completely free as well. Luckily, I was also able to find a great sponsor (LocalCryptos) that supports most of my articles since 2019, so I get at least some compensations for my blog. However, many mods are not content creators themselves, so they are missing out a few crucial things. I’d argue that self-promotion is a good thing if done properly regardless of a ratio: 10%, 50%, or 100%. Let me explain. Benefits of self-promotion. Firstly, when an author posts his content, he will get all the notifications about new comments, so he will be able to participate in the discussion, give an accurate response, and may be edit his article/website with a new or more correct information. That’s exactly what happened with me many times before. If somebody would post my article, I would most likely miss the conversation or react too late. Secondly, Reddit is one of the few platforms for independent creators to get exposure, because an exposure on Reddit depends on the quality and relevance of the content, rather than the amount of followers (Twitter, Facebook, etc.). A high-quality content will be upvoted, while a low-quality content will be downvoted by users, so there is no reason to remove the post, unless it has some harmful content. If mods censor out self-promo by removing or downvoting such posts, then they contribute to centralization of distribution of information. Some big subs even auto-remove all medium posts, which is extremely dangerous, because it cuts off many alternative voices. Centralization of information. Well-funded adversaries like corporate media or state-sponsored news outlets and think-tanks dominate the internet exactly because it’s very hard for independent creators to get exposure. For example, without Reddit my articles would get hardly any exposure, despite the fact that some of them are a unique content that was very contributional to certain communities and sparked many discussions. Censoring out an author just for “self-promo” is a direct attack on freedom of speech. I understand that many mods have years of experience and became conservative over the time, so they take self-promo very personally. However, sometimes it’s nice to step back and see whether old rules are still relevant and what is the long-term impact of these rules. For example, I don’t like when people tell me to “fuck off”, but I like spaces that allow such behavior, because it’s an important part of freedom of speech. 10% rule is outdated. Firstly, there are many people like me, who use Reddit to get daily news, but they don’t interact with a content. For example, I usually scroll certain subs like CryptoCurrency or HongKong without even logging in due to UX and privacy concerns. Some of these people happened to be content creators, so it’s completely natural that they will have a high “self-promo” ratio. Secondly, this 10% rule will stop only honest content creators. Bad actors can easily cheat the system by: - spamming other content to keep their own content at 10% ratio, - using fake accounts, which is very easy on Reddit due to lack of e.g. a phone number verification (note that for well-funded adversary even a strict KYC is not an obstacle to create fake accounts), - simply asking their friends to post their content, which is a ridicules UX. As a result, I’d argue that nowadays this 10% rule increases centralization of distribution of information and encourages a malicious behavior. Proposal. May be the next time you want to censor something out (remove or downvote) due to self-promo, ask yourself these questions: - Does this post have any harmful content? - Was this link posted in many other subs? - Did author participate in the discussions and answer questions about his content? - Will this content be useful for the community? Bottom-line. If you’re very sensitive to self-promo posts, then go ahead and downvote them, but calling people “spammers”, deleting their posts, and telling them to “fuck off” without actually reading their content is not a healthy environment. P.S. You should also understand that it was not posted in a sub with a few million people and I won’t get many clicks even if a post would get upvoted. I mean, come on, this sub has less than 5K members with 10-20 online. And I’m getting so much shit for honestly sharing my own content instead of gaming the system. There is definitely something wrong with that.
Bylls — the Canadian Bitcoin bill payment service by Bull Bitcoin — celebrates its 6th birthday
I sometimes find it hard to believe that it has already been 6 years since the public launch of Bylls on January 13 2014. What started out as a simple and humble “garage startup”, the world’s first Bitcoin bill payment service, evolved into so much more. Bylls eventually became the company that people know today as Bull Bitcoin, and it is from Bylls’ UASF advocacy that sprouted the Cyphernode open-source project. I also like to think of Bylls as a “bitcoin culture” institution that served as the vanguard of the Bitcoin Maximalist and Cypherpunk movements within the Bitcoin exchange and payments industry. Happy Birthday Bylls! 🎂
What is Bylls?
For those of you who don’t know about Bylls, here’s a short summary:
Bylls lets Bitcoin users pay any bill in Canada with Bitcoin. We offer a comprehensive list of nearly 9000 billers (credit cards, utilities, telcos, taxes, brokerage accounts, law firms, “joe the plumber”, etc.)
Bylls lets Bitcoin users pay anyone or any business in Canada with Bitcoin by adding them as a personal payee (rent, employees, suppliers, friends).
The recipient of the payment doesn’t need to do anything and doesn’t even need to know you are using Bitcoin, as long as they are on our biller list or the user has his banking details.
Bylls is available exclusively to residents of Canada and all the recipients must also be, exclusively, individuals or companies residing in Canada.
Mission: Building the software and financial infrastructure for the Bitcoin Standard.
Short history of world’s first Bitcoin bill payment service
Bylls was founded in 2013 by Eric Spano, a Montreal entrepreneur part of the original Bitcoin Embassy team. Eric, one of my earliest and most influential mentors, is a true Bitcoin OG. Check out his 2014 Bitcoin Ted Talk or his 2019 Podcast on Tales From the Crypt which describes in great detail the inception of Bylls. When Bylls was launched, I was Public Affairs Director at the Bitcoin Embassy, the world’s first physical Bitcoin hub (a 14,000 square feet building downtown Montreal). Bylls was effectively a one-man operation, with Eric doing pretty much everything himself. I wasn’t directly involved with the company, but Bylls was one of the startups in the Embassy’s incubator program, so I was helping out in various ways. My first “public appearance” in the Bitcoin industry was actually to man the Bylls booth at the Toronto Bitcoin Expo in 2014! In 2015, Eric was offered a huge career opportunity that he couldn’t accept without stepping down from running Bylls. It was to me an inconceivable tragedy for Bitcoin to let Bylls quitely close down. For the past 2 years, whenever somebody asked me “what can you do with Bitcoin?”, I would always reply “well, for starters, you can pay all your bills in Canada, even your taxes and your credit card”. What was I going to say now? I had just founded my company Satoshi Portal Inc. with the aim of developing a non-custodial Bitcoin exchange (which eventually became Bull Bitcoin). And so, I acquired Bylls from Eric and it immediately became the focus of all my energy. For the first year, our team consisted of only 2 people including our lead developer Arthur which is still working on Bylls features to this day. From the beginning until today, we are still 100% self-funded. We grew organically and slowly. My philosophy on entrepreneurship and startup scaling is articulated in this medium post.It has been an incredibly intense journey. I cannot think of a more challenging professional experience than being a startup founder and entrepreneur in the Bitcoin industry. The number of Bitcoin startups that have perished since is a stark reminder. Some of them sank quietly, but many went down in flames taking down their users with them. The fact that Bylls is still standing — without VC funding and with its reputation intact — is my proudest achievement. Over the past 4 years. we completely redesigned the software, continuously adding new features, but the core of the service remained the same. Most importantly, we added the ability for users to pay any individual or business in Canada by creating a personal biller from their bank details. Previously, they were limited to Bylls’ biller list of around 9000 billers. One of the defining moments in the history of Bylls was UASF. Bylls was one of the first Bitcoin companies to support BIP-148 for the activation of Segwit (second after Bitconic). Not only that, but we were the first to run a public BIP-148 block explorer and public UASF electrum server. We had done a “seppuku pledge” regarding BIP-148, meaning that we would only accept coins from the UASF segwit chain and would pay the Bitcoin market price for them. If UASF had failed, we would not have survived. This cemented our ideology of “skin-in-the-game”. We would never compromise on our values, no matter the cost. Our policy on forks (2017) was described here. But the jist of it is:
Satoshi Portal is a Bitcoin-only company and does not conduct any transaction in any altcoin, including altcoins that are the result of a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain and which can be spent with Bitcoin private keys. This includes, but is not limited to, the coins commonly referred to as BCash, Segwit2X, BGold, Clams and Lumens.We strongly oppose the “New York Agreement” and will under no circumstance ever recognize the Segwit2X blockchain (and BTC1 client) as Bitcoin, regardless of market response or hashing power. In the unlikely event that an overwhelming majority of the Bitcoin ecosystem migrates to the Segwit2X blockchain, Satoshi Portal will continue nevertheless to support the Bitcoin blockchain.
Following the UASF/NO2X “war” in 2017, we devoted a large prortion of ressources to building Cyphernode, an open-source project that makes it very easy for startups to build and deploy Bitcoin applies without any third-parties, using exclusively their own full nodes. We are still developing this project today and plan on actively maintaining it in the future. It is also worth noting that Bylls has never accepted any altcoins and was one of the first company to pledge never to accept altcoins in the future, leading to what became the “Bitcoin-Only” movement. We were also the first Bitcoin exchange and payment processing company, to our knowledge, that has integrated coinjoin as part of its processes.
Unbanking yourself with Bylls
The coolest feature of Bylls is that you can pay pretty much all your expenses with Bitcoin without needing to go through a bank account. In Canada, you can obtain a credit card without having it linked to a bank account. In 2016, the last of my personal bank accounts was closed due to my activities in the Bitcoin industry. I decided not apply at another bank and try the experiment of living completely unbanked. I’m happy to report it was a success, and serves as a powerful testament for the use-cases provided by Bylls. I really like the idea of not owning any fiat. You can pay pretty much all daily expenses with a credit card, and pay back the debt with Bitcoin. Of course you have fiat-denominated debts which conveniently tends to diminish in price over time. You can withdraw cash from a credit card and pay it off instantly with Bylls, so you can get access to cash at any time, in any country across the world, without having a bank account. The only inconvenience is the cash advance fee. When you have to pay larger amounts such as rent or whatever services don’t accept cash or credit card, you can find the biller in the Bylls list or ask the recipient for his banking details, the same as you would for a wire transfer.
The future of Bylls
Many people ask us if we intend to expand outside of Canada. The answer is, unequivocally, no. We will always be a Canada-only, Bitcoin-only company. That doesn’t mean that we stop working hard to improve our services. We will continue to be the first to integrate the cutting-edge Bitcoin technologies that Here is are some of the features you can expect in 2020:
Pay billers via Interac E-Transfer instead of Direct Deposit only
More advanced Coinjoin and privacy features
Bylls merchant services: Bitcoin-payable invoices to clients
WaykiChain CEO Gordon Gao: What is WaykiChain doing now?
https://preview.redd.it/i6sd5ax60ow41.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8d4171bd4831ce2cfd6fa0bd9b598888d3a100cb Recently, there have been many thoughts on the development direction of blockchain and WaykiChain. I have found some certainty in the world of uncertainty. How does WaykiChain understand the development of the public chain? What is WaykiChain development direction based on these understandings? What should the community expect and pay attention to? I will share with you the answers to these questions. How does WICC increase prices? WICC is the basic digital currency on the WaykiChain public chain. According to its white paper, when this coin was issued in the early period, more than 70% of the chips were in circulation in the secondary market This is a relatively high proportion, comparing to most of blockchain projects. This high circulation ratio is like a double-edged sword. The disadvantage is that foundation has relatively weak control over its value in the secondary market. It is also difficult to manipulate the price to create some false market value to deceive the public. The advantage is that WICC can have a wide range of coin holders and community members. Meanwhile, more coin holders mean that when WICC is found to have price increase expectations, such expectations will be spread by the population, which can result in a large-scale network effect. In 2018, WaykiChain relied on this network effect to make a big hit in the market. At that time, the number of WICC holders was about 100,000 (WICC holders in exchange). However, the communities merely brought by price increase expectations are not sustainable. Those people came because of profit, and they will leave because of no profit. Those who made money or lost money on WaykiChain will scold after the currency price fell. In the bear market, it is almost difficult for people to have confidence in altcoins. It is difficult for people to invest in your long-term future with real money no matter what expectations they receive. Then, how to make WICC valuable in this bear market? We can conclude by the nature of price increases, which is fewer people selling and more people buying. Staking economy is an effective way to achieve“few people selling”. This kind of gameplay is not widely used in the traditional field as it is in the crypto circle. Most of Staking’s gameplay is to give you a dollar profit to make you unwilling to sell your 100 dollar coins. This approach may have a positive effect in the short term, but in the long term, it is no different from the Ponzi scheme. The other method is the DeFi. In DeFi, people need to collateralize their coins and get something that can bring value to them. For example, mortgage lending. When you are unwilling to sell your coins and lack money, the CDP mortgage lending system can meet your needs. At this time, the WICC in your hand becomes a “ticket” to participate in the CDP mortgage lending system. The collateralization generated by this real demand is often solid because such users are less likely to quit fast. Because they benefit from WaykiChain and believe this kind of service will generate value, so it is not a zero-sum game. In the end, most of the people here are winners, so they cherish their chips. Once there are more users, there should be more reasons for them to buy more continuously. The reason for most people who buy token is nothing more than to see some good news which can be predicted. Halving is predicted, so there was a decent run at the start of the year. The World Cup was also a prediction and it is a piece of good news for betting-related blockchain. This prediction of a high degree of certainty in time can prompt a frenzied influx. But other than this quadrennial prediction（Halving or World Cup） of events, what expectations do you have for the community? The first is the technical aspect. A good technical public chain can attract more developers, and more developers can build more business models and have more imagination. To realize the expectation of the business model, users should value the future business growth of your current track and the most direct promotion of the economic model after the growth. For example, the growth of the mortgage lending business. The total collateral of WICC gets bigger ->Less liquidated WICC ->WICC’ s unit price raises with the demand stays the same. Or growth in mortgage lending->WGRT destruction becomes more numerous->WGRT’s unit price raises. This business model creates a rigid value in a currency. Finally, there comes the marketing ability, the user toned to trust that you are able to attract more investors at some point in the future. All financial activities generate bubbles, and how big an asset you end up with depends both on how much beer you have and how much bubble you can pour. If building business value is about brewing, marketing, and storytelling, it’s about pouring beer out of the bubble. About liquidity When it comes to liquidity, some people’s understanding of liquidity of a coin is to be listed on more exchanges, some people know a bit about some financial markets, so they say liquidity is the depth of the order book. I recently get some inspirations from David in Coinbase. Liquidity can be measured by the time you spend to convert an asset to purchase power. Cash is with the best liquidity, as it is almost equal to purchasing power. Property is less liquid because there are very few situations where you buy something directly from the house. Usually, you will have to turn it into cash and buy something else. So there’s a long period between when you decide to sell the house and when you get the money, and the longer that period is, the less liquid it is. USDT is relatively liquid because OTC transactions, which is a mature market in the current situation, allow people to convert the USDT into fiat money in minutes. Note that the above mentioned is to turn assets into purchasing power, rather than cash out. These two are essentially different. For example, if I want to purchase some service from a crypto media, I often use Eth, BTC, USDT, not cash. So I don’t need to sell off my digital currency to exchange cash, but directly pay it, which becomes purchasing power. From this perspective, any merchant accepting digital currency payments is enhancing the liquidity of the digital currency. Because he shortens the time it takes for assets to become purchasing power. As I said before, the keyword of the Internet fights is traffic, and the keyword of digital currency is liquidity. Much of what WICC does is to increase liquidity. Listing on Exchange shortens the time for WICC to transform into the purchasing power of other digital currencies. In real application scenarios, many people are reluctant to undertake the risk of digital currency fluctuations. They only like to denominate in fiat currency, so WUSD (stablecoin) that is generated by collateralizing WICC has better potential than WICC to become purchasing power. Huatong Security accepts WUSD as a payment method to buy HK/US Pre-IPO stocks shortens the time when some people want to convert WUSD into the purchasing power of Hong Kong and US stocks (In the normal process, this user must first sell, exchange fiat currency, and then open an account to buy Hong Kong and US stocks). The new project WaykiX shortens the time required to transform WICC into the purchasing power of investing in various assets around the world. Bitcoin’s technology has not been greatly updated since its inception, but its value remains the leader because of its liquidity. Similarly, in my opinion, the market value of USDT has soared because liquidity is becoming more and more mature. WaykiChain’s future development is also inseparable from liquidity. About Defi As mentioned above, liquidity is important. If you want to improve liquidity, you can cash out first and use cash to purchase most of things you want. However cash out itself is not what a project expects, because it will dump the price when a lot of people doing that. Therefore, collateralizing assets, generating stablecoins, and then enabling stablecoins to generate purchasing power has become a perfect model, which is the essence of WaykiChain 3-Token Economy Model. Regarding purchasing power, first we need to know what users want to buy. Many public chain projects, including WaykiChain, have begun to explore what kind of products and services that users want to buy. For example, betting products, value-added game services, or even e-commerce. All of these end up with nearly no results. As speculators’ paradise, the cryptocurrency circle usually care about borrowing money to make money. So, there is nothing more interesting for them than lending and making money. These people may not have the need to play games or buy things, but they must have the demand to make money. Therefore, finance must be the right direction for blockchain projects. WaykiChain will all in DeFi for at least the next two years. Many people say that WUSD is a stablecoin, so it needs to be compared with USDT. Rather than emphasize WUSD itself, I would rather like to say that WaykiChain ’s CDP is a lending system and service, and WUSD is just a stable value certificate. I am more concerned about the capacity of the CDP lending business itself, and whether it can provide users with the value of lending. As for when WUSD can become a freely circulating currency, it will take a long time to see how much purchasing power is endowed. Maybe at first, WUSD could buy WICC, WGRT, then the index of various global assets, then other digital currencies, then some Hong Kong stocks and US stocks, and finally maybe you can buy two packs of snacks with WUSD downstairs. Simple preview of the new product WaykiX, users can trade all kinds of global assets, including digital currencies, indices, stocks, commodity futures, and even contracts. We have high expectations for this product because we feel it can meet the “purchase” needs of most existing community users. This product learns from the Synthetix project and adds some local elements of WaykiChain, including the technical security reinforcement, as well as the improvement of the economic model and the risk resistance level. Someone asked, Ethereum has a complete DeFi ecosystem, and there are countless projects to start a business together. Why does WaykiChain have the power to fight with Ether? I would like to share a few points. The DeFi of Ethereum is aimed at users of Ethereum. We are currently targeting WaykiChain users. There is no conflict at present. In addition, DeFi seems to have a variety of patterns. It is nothing more than the four major categories of deposits, loans, liquidity, and derivatives. Our current developer community is not as prosperous as Ethereum, so WaykiChain uses a point-to-face model to first construct the core and head of DeFi to ensure quality and safety. When it can form a minimum closed-loop, and then let developers support those long-tail applications. Although it is a bit contrary to the concept of decentralization, we believe that this is an indispensable process for the implementation of the blockchain public chain。 About community I mentioned three directions in the first chapter on how to create the value of WaykiChain, the first is technology, the second is business model and applications, and the third is the marketing model and bubble. In fact, a healthy blockchain community is also attracted by these three parts of value, a core developer community, some coin holders with business needs, and a group of speculation or investors. To achieve the top five public chains in the world, these three groups must be huge. WaykiChain attracts the core developer community through the leading technology mechanism and the friendliness of public chain development. This is the reason why WaykiChain has invested a lot of resources in the technical level of the public chain. WaykiChain continues to create value for currency holders to meet their needs through the DeFi business. And eye-catching marketing methods to attract investors and speculators when market conditions improve and new market capital are sufficient. The bull market is short while the bear market is long. In the bear market, WaykiChain needs to continue to play at the table in a way with a high winning rate. These are my personal opinions. Welcome to discuss more with me.
I've heard that founder of MakerDAO is not strictly against KYC. I have a message to whole community and specifically to a founder of MakerDAO Rune Christensen. I will explain using concrete examples why having KYC in MakerDAO is a grave mistake and it will lead to MakerDAO fork. Many people in the first world never actually understand why financial privacy and financial inclusion is important. Even people (in the first world) who seemingly supportive of such ideas are not able to provide any concrete examples of why it's actually important. Unfortunately, I was born in a "wrong" country (Uzbekistan) and I experienced first hand what financial exclusion actually means. I know first hand that annoying feeling when you read polite, boilerplate rejection letter from financial institution based in first world. So I had to become practical libertarian. I'm going to give you concrete examples of financial discrimination against me. Then I'm going to explain fundamental reasons why it happens. And finally, I'm going to explain my vision for DAI. Back in 2005, I lived in Uzbekistan. I had an idea to invest in US stocks. I was very naive and I didn't know anything about investing, compliance, bank transfers, KYC etc. All I knew is nice long term charts of US stocks and what P/E means. I didn't contact any US brokerage but I checked information about account opening and how to transfer money there. I approached local bank in Uzbekistan and asked how to transfer money to Bank of New York. Banker's face was like - WOW, WTF?!?! They asked me to go to private room to talk with senior manager. Senior manager of local bank in Uzbekistan asked me why I wanted to transfer money to US. They told me that it's absolutely impossible to transfer money to US/EU and pretty much anywhere. I approached nearly every local bank in the town and they told me the same. In 2012, I already lived in Moscow and acquired Russian citizenship. I got back to my old idea - investing in US stocks. I called to many US brokerages and all of them politely rejected me. Usually when I called I asked them if I can open an account with them. They told me to hold on line. After long pause, I was able to speak with "senior" support who politely explain me that Russia in their list of restricted countries and they can't open an account for me. Finally, I was able to open an account with OptionsXpress. Next challenge was to convince local Russian bank to transfer money to US. Back then in 2012, I was able to get permission to do so. So you might say - is this happy end? Fast forwarding US brokerage story to 2017, OptionsXpress was acquired by Charles Schwab. I was notified that my OptionsXpress account will be migrated to Charles Schwab platform. In 2017, I already lived in the Netherlands (but still having Russian citizenship). I wasn't happy with my stupid job in the Netherlands. I called Charles Schwab and asked if I quit my job in the Netherlands and have to return to Russia, what will happen with my account. Schwab told me that they will restrict my account, so I can't do anything except closing my account. So even if I was long term customer of OptionsXpress, Charles Schwab is not fully okay with me. Going back to 2013, I still lived in Russia. I had another idea. What if I quit my job and build some SAAS platform (or whatever) and sell my stuff to US customers. So I need some website which accept US credit cards. I contacted my Russian bank (who previously allowed me to transfer money to OptionsXpress) about steps to make in order to accept US credit cards in Russia. I've been told explicitly in email that they won't allow me to accept US credit cards under any circumstances. Back then I still believed in "the free west". So I thought - no problem, I will just open bank account abroad and do all operations from my foreign account. I planned vacation in Hong Kong. And Hong Kong is freest economy in the world. Looks like it's right place to open bank account. I contacted HSBC Hong Kong via email. Their general support assured me that I can open bank account with them if I'm foreigner. I flew to Hong Kong for vacation and visited HSBC branch. Of course, they rejected me. But they recommended me to visit last floor in their HQ building, they told me that another HSBC branch specializes on opening bank accounts for foreigners. I went there and they said minimum amount to open bank account is 10 mil HKD (1.27 mil USD). Later I learned that it's called private banking. When I relocated to the Netherlands, I asked ABN Amro staff - what's happen with my bank account if I quit/lose my job in the Netherlands and have to return back to Russia. I've been told that I can't have my dutch bank account if I go back to Russia even if I already used their bank for 2+ years. I still had idea that I would like to quit my job and do something for myself. The problem is that I'm Russian citizen and I don't have any residency which is independent from my employment. So if I quit my job in the Netherlands, I have to return back to Russia. I wanted to see how I would get payments from US/EU customers. I found Stripe Atlas, it's so exciting, they help you to incorporate in US, and even help with banking, all process of receiving credit card payments is very smooth. But as usual in my case, there is a catch - Russia in their list of restricted countries. Speaking of centralized compliance-friendly (e.g. KYC) crypto exchanges. This year I live and work in Hong Kong. Earlier this year, I thought it would be nice to have an account at local crypto exchange in Hong Kong so I can quickly transfer money from my bank account in Hong Kong to crypto exchange using FPS (local payment system for fast bank transfers). What could go wrong? After all Hong Kong is freest economy in the world, right? I submitted KYC documents to crypto exchange called Weever including copy of my Hong Kong ID as they requested. They very quickly responded that they need copy of my passport as well. I submitted copy of my Russian passport. This time they got silent. After a few days, they sent me email saying that Russia is on the US Office of Foreign Assets Control sanction list, so they just require me to fill a form about source of the funds. I told them that the source of my funds is salary, my Hong Kong bank can confirm that along with my employment contract. They got very silent after I sent them a filled form. After a week of silence I asked them - when my account get approved? They said that their compliance office will review my application soon. And they got very silent again. I waited for two or three weeks. Then I asked them again. And I immediately got email with title - Rejection for Weever Account Opening. And text of email was:
We are sorry to inform you that Weever may not be able to accept your account opening application at this stage.
Exactly the same situation I had with one crypto exchange in Europe back in 2017. Luckily I have accounts at other crypto exchanges including Gemini, one of most compliance obsessed exchange in the world. Although I don't keep my money there because I can't trust them, who knows what might come into head of their compliance officer one sunny day. By the way, I'm living and working outside of Russia for quite a few years. The situation with crypto exchanges is much worse for those who still living in Russia. I give you a few other examples of financial discrimination is not related to troubles with my Russian citizenship. Back in 2018, I still lived in the Netherlands. I logged in into my brokerage account just to buy US ETFs as I always do - SPY and QQQ. I placed my order and it failed to fill. I thought it's just a technical problem with my brokerage account. After a few failed attempts to send buy orders for SPY and QQQ, I contacted their support. What they told me was shocking and completely unexpected. They said I'm not permitted to buy US ETFs anymore as EU resident because EU passed a law to protect retail investors. So as a EU resident I'm allowed to be exposed to more risk by buying individual US stocks but I'm not allowed to reduce my risk by buying SPY because ... EU wants to protect me. I felt final result of new law. By the way, on paper their law looks fine. And the final example. It's a known fact that US public market become less attractive in recent decades. Due to heavy regulatory burden companies prefer to go public very late. So if successful unicorn startup grows from its inception/genesis to late adoption, company's valuation would be 3-5 orders of orders of magnitude. For example, if valuation of successful company at inception is 1 Mil USD, then at its very latest stage it's valuation would be 10 Bil USD. So we have 10'000 times of growth. In the best case scenario, company would go public at 1 Bil USD 5-10 years before reaching its peak 10 Bil USD. So investors in private equity could enjoy 1000 fold growth and just leave for public only last 10 fold growth stretched in time. In the worst case scenario, company would go public at 10 Bil USD, i.e. at its historical peak. But there are well known platforms to buy shares of private companies, one of such platforms is Forge Global. You can buy shares of almost all blue chip startups. You can even invest in SpaceX! But as always, there is a catch - US government wants to protect not just US citizens but all people in the world (sounds ridiculous, right?). US law requires you to have 1 Mil USD net worth or 200'000 USD annual income if you want to buy shares of non-public company. So if you are high-net worth individual you can be called "accredited investor". Funny thing is that the law intends to protect US citizens but even if you are not US citizen and never even lived in US, this law is still applies to you in practice. So if you are "poor loser", platforms like Forge Global will reject you. So high-net worth individuals have access and opportunity to Bitcoin-style multi-magnitude growth every 5-10 years. Contrary to private equity markets, US public markets is low risk/low return type of market. If you have small amount of capital, it's just glorified way to protect yourself from inflation plus some little return on top. It's not bad, US public market is a still great way to store your wealth. But I'm deeply convinced that for small capital you must seek fundamentally different type of market - high risk/high return. It's just historical luck that Bitcoin/Ethereum/etc were available for general public from day one. But in reality, viral/exponential growth is happening quite often. It's just you don't have access to such type of markets due to regulatory reasons. I intentionally described these examples of financial discrimination in full details as I experienced them because I do feel that vast majority of people in the first world honestly think that current financial system works just fine and only criminals and terrorists are banned. In reality that's not true at all. 99.999% of innocent people are completely cut off from modern financial system in the name of fighting against money laundering. Here is a big picture why it's happening. There are rich countries (so called western world) and poor countries (so called third world). Financial wall is carefully built by two sides. Authoritarian leaders of poor countries almost always want full control over their population, they don't like market economy, and since market forces don't value their crappy legal system (because it works only for close friends of authoritarian leader) they must implement strict capital control. Otherwise, all capital will run away from their country because nobody really respects their crappy legal system. It only has value under heavy gun of government. Only friends of authoritarian leader can move their money out of country but not you. Leaders of rich countries want to protect their economy from "dirty money" coming from third world. Since citizens of poor countries never vote for leaders of rich countries nobody really cares if rich country just ban everyone from poor country. It's the most lazy way to fight against money laundering - simply ban everyone from certain country. Actually if you look deeper you will see that rich countries very rarely directly ban ordinary people from third world. Usually, there is no such law which doesn't allow me to open bank account somewhere in Europe as non-EU resident. What's really happens is that US/EU government implement very harsh penalties for financial institutions if anything ever goes wrong. So what's actually happens is that financial institutions (banks, brokerages etc) do de-risking. This is the most important word you must know about traditional financial system! So if you have wrong passport, financial institution (for example) bank from rich country just doesn't want to take any risks dealing with you even if you are willing to provide full documentation about your finances. It's well known fact that banks in Hong Kong, Europe, US like to unexpectedly shutdown accounts of thousands innocent businesses due to de-risking. So it's actually de-risking is the real reason why I was rejected so many times by financial institutions in the first world!!! It's de-risking actually responsible for banning 99.999% of innocent people. So governments of rich democratic countries formally have clean hands because they are not banning ordinary people from third world directly. All dirty job is done by financial institutions but governments are well aware of that, it's just more convenient way to discriminate. And nobody actually cares! Ordinary citizens in rich countries are never exposed to such problems and they really don't care about people in third world, after all they are not citizens of US/EU/UK/CH/CA/HK/SG/JP/AU/NZ. And now are you ready for the most hilarious part? If you are big corrupt bureaucrat from Russia you are actually welcome by the first world financial institutions! All Russian's junta keep their stolen money all across Europe and even in US. You might wonder how this is possible if the western financial system is so aggressive in de-risking. Here is a simple equation which financial institution should solve when they decide whether to open an account for you or not: Y - R = net profit Where: Y - how much profit they can make with you; R - how much regulatory risk they take while working with you; That's it! It's very simple equation. So if you are really big junta member from Russia you are actually welcome according to this equation. Banks have special name for serving (ultra) high-net worth individuals, it's called private banking. It's has nothing to do with the fact that bank is private. It's just fancy name for banking for rich. So what's usually happen in real world. Some Estonian or Danish bank got caught with large scale money laundering from Russia. European leaders are ashamed in front of their voters. They implement new super harsh law against money laundering to keep their voters happy. Voters are ordinary people, they don't care about details of new regulations. So banks get scared and abruptly shutdown ALL accounts of Russian customers. And European voters are happy. Modern money laundering laws are like shooting mouse in your house using bazooka! It's very efficient to kill mouse, right? Now imagine world without financial borders. It's hard to do so because we are all get so used to current status quo of traditional financial system. But with additional effort you can start asking questions - if Internet economy is so global and it doesn't really matter where HQ of startup is located, why they are all concentrated in just a few tiny places like Silicon Valley and ... well, that's mostly it if you count the biggest unicorns! Another question would be - why so many talented russian, indian, chinese programmers just go to the same places like San Francisco, London and make super rich companies like Amazon, Google, Facebook, Apple to get even richer? If all you need is laptop and access to internet, why you don't see any trade happening between first and third world? Well actually there is a trade between first and third world but it's not exactly what I want to see. Usually third world countries sell their natural resources through giant corporations to the first world. So it's possible to get access to the first world market from third world but this access usually granted only to big and established companies (and usually it means not innovative). Unicorns are created through massive parallel experiment. Every week bunch of new startups are created in Silicon Valley. Thousands and thousands startups are created in Silicon Valley with almost instant access to global market. Just by law of large numbers you have a very few of them who later become unicorns and dominate the world. But if you have wrong passport and you are located in "wrong" country where every attempt to access global market is very costly, then you most likely not to start innovative startup in the first place. In the best case scenario, you just create either local business or just local copy-paste startup (copied from the west) oriented on (relatively small) domestic market. Obviously in such setup it's predictable that places like Silicon Valley will have giant advantage and as a result all unicorns get concentrated in just a few tiny places. In the world without financial barriers there will be much smaller gap between rich and poor countries. With low barrier of entry, it won't be a game when winner takes all. Whole architecture of decentralized cryptocurrencies is intended to remove middle man and make transactions permissionless. Governments are inherently opposite to that, they are centralized and permissioned. Therefore, decentralized cryptocurrencies are fundamentally incompatible with traditional financial system which is full of middle mans and regulations (i.e. permissions). Real value of crypto are coming from third world, not the first world. People are buying crypto in rich countries just want to invest. Their financial system and their fiat money are more or less already working for them. So there is no immediate urgency to get rid of fiat money in the first world. So the first world citizens buying crypto on centralized KYCd exchanges are essentially making side bet on the success of crypto in third world. Real and natural environment of cryptocurrencies is actually dark OTC market in places like Venezuela and China. But cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum have a big limitation to wide adoption in third world - high volatility. So the real target audience is oppressed (both by their own government and by first world governments) ordinary citizens of third world countries yet they are least who can afford to take burden of high volatility. Right now, Tether is a big thing for dark markets across the world (by the way, dark market doesn't automatically imply bad!). But Tether soon or later be smashed by US/EU regulators. The only real and working permissionless stable cryptocurrency (avoiding hyped word - stablecoin) is DAI. DAI is the currency for post-Tether world to lead dark OTC market around the world and subvert fiat currencies of oppressive third world governments. Once DAI become de-facto widespread currency in shadow economy in all of third world, then it will be accepted (after many huge push backs from governments) as a new reality. I'm talking about 10-20+ years time horizon. But if MakerDAO chooses the route of being compliance friendly then DAI will lose its real target audience (i.e. third world). I can not imagine US/EU calmly tolerate someone buying US stocks and using as a collateral to issue another security (i.e. DAI) which is going to be traded somewhere in Venezuela! You can not be compliance friendly and serve people in Venezuela. Facebook's Libra was stupidest thing I've seen. It's extremely stupid to ask permission from the first world regulators to serve third world and create borderless economy. Another stupid thing is to please third world governments as well. For example, Libra (if ever run) will not serve Indian, Chinese, Venezuelan people. Who is then going to use stupid Libra? Hipsters in Silicon Valley? Why? US dollars are good enough already.
Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?
As a world’s leading blockchain company focused on blockchain’s underlying technology and related ecosystem technology, WaykiChain owns an industry-leading public chain. Relying on the inherent technical advantages of blockchain and its superior R&D strength, WaykiChain is empowered with high-performance transaction processing capabilities (TPS3300), efficient mechanism of consensus (DPoS + pBFT), powerful smart contract, as well as the blockchain ecological decentralized control ability, WaykiChain can provide various major industries and key areas of vertical industry with infrastructure services and industry solutions. At present, the bottom layer of the WaykiChain public chain has been continuously upgraded and optimized and has achieved significant success. WaykiChain stablecoin WUSD, which is developed on the bottom of the public chain, is one of the important infrastructures of blockchain finance promoted by WaykiChain. It is also continuously improving the potential of decentralized business development. At 20:00 on February 14th, at the invitation of the “Bull Market Sharing Class”, Gordon Gao, the Co-Founder, and CEO of WaykiChain, made sharing of the theme “ Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?” Gordon Gao Background: Gordon Gao, WaykiChain Co-Founder & CEO, an Alumni of Columbia University in New York, former Chief Data Scientist of Fishbowl in Wall Street, ex-Senior Data Analyst of Alibaba Group, a senior member of Mensa International Club, currently serves as WaykiChain CEO. He is responsible for offering support to WaykiChain commercial model designing and strategy planning, building up a digitalized monitor system for products and operation and promoting WaykiChain overseas market with his international background. The Following is the content of sharing from Gordon Gao: 1.WaykiChain is a third-generation blockchain commercial public chain that aims to build a world-leading public chain brand. How does the performance of WaykiChain compare to other public chains on the market? Gordon Gao: In terms of performance, WaykiChain’s TPS ranks first with a measured average of 3300 in the world. Besides, our ecological construction in the DApp field and Defi is also gradually perfect. Last year, we introduced more than 20 DApps. Since WaykiChain has launched the Defi platform, it has collateralized over 24 million WICC and issued over USD 1.4 million in WUSD. 2. Recently, WaykiChain(WICC) is well received by Korean investors, and its trading volume has exceeded 70 billion WON. How does WaykiChain achieve such outstanding results? Gordon Gao: When WaykiChain(WICC) was listed on Bithumb, WICC’s premium was three times the domestic price. Recent market conditions are very good. The maximum price in South Korea is up to 10 times the domestic price. Our investment in the Korean market has always been very large. As early as 2018 May, WaykiChain Global Conference which was attracted thousands of persons to participate was successfully held in Seoul. After that, we did a lot of publicity around the Korean market, such as the content promotion and SEO promotion of their NAVER search engine. Last year, we also held WaykiChain(WICC) X Huobi Korea Hackathon and offline meetup in South Korea. I have also been invited three times to give speeches and conducting exhibitions at Korean blockchain conferences. And our CTO Richard Chen was invited to interview with the Korean media, which was broadcast by Korean KBS TV station. South Korean users are very impressed with WaykiChain. When WaykiChain held the Hackathon in South Korea last year, a Korean investor came over and told us that he also came to our conference in 2018 and also received gold bars. He told us he was very happy to see our development so that he came to support us this time. When we have this kind of market enthusiasm, it is not unusual for prices to be reflected in the exchange. 3. According to media reports, WaykiChain has a strong technical team and has made a lot of progress in technology development. It has planned a four-public chain version iteration plan. What innovations and breakthroughs has WaykiChain achieved in technology? Gordon Gao: The current version is WaykiChain public chain v2.0 version (Teng version) that we updated in October last year. We added the decentralized exchange and developed a CDP system at the bottom of the public chain for pledging WICC to get stablecoin WUSD. We developed a 3-token economy model (WICC, WUSD, WGRT) and increased the speed of block generation from 10 seconds per block to 3 seconds per block, which greatly improving user experience. This version lays the foundation for us to achieve decentralized financial functions, and directly implements the three most important functions of Defi at the moment: stablecoin, lending, and DEX. We are developing the public chain v3.0 version (Hu version) now. In the public chain v3.0 version, we will further improve the performance and scalability of the current decentralized exchange, allowing anyone to publish their own DEX on the chain. Meanwhile, we will introduce WASM to greatly improve the performance and developer-friendly of the virtual machine. At the same time, in the next public chain version, we will soon launch the WASM virtual machine, which greatly improves the performance of the virtual machine and makes it developer-friendly. Porting virtual machine is a project with high technical difficulty. We learned that several projects ranked among the top 30 in market value are also developing WASM virtual machines. It took us several months to complete the porting of WASM, which fully demonstrates our technical strength. In addition, in the next version, we will provide a decentralized cross-chain solution so that more digital assets can operate in the WaykiChain Defi eco-system. 4. We all know that WaykiChain has conducted in-depth reciprocal visits with the Montenegro government and exchanged views on blockchain technology reform in the field of Montenegro International Trade and Finance. What new knowledge and experiences have you gained through international cooperation? How do these experiences inspire you to give WaykiChain more business value and promote the implementation of decentralized financial applications? Gordon Gao: Firstly, the government thinks differently from ours. For example, we only consider whether a business model can improve efficiency and reduce costs, but the government will also consider how to coordinate all stakeholders and make a balance. We discussed the issuance of stablecoins with them. If stablecoins are controlled by the central bank and all are on the chain, then the commercial banks below the central bank will not be able to adopt the original method. If addition, currency is issued through leverage, this is a weakening of existing stakeholders and it is difficult to continue. So, both of us are still exploring better solutions, and strive to not only improve efficiency through the blockchain but also meet all existing stakeholders. Moreover, there is also a shortage of technical talents and human resources in some European countries and regions. They welcome Chinese blockchain teams like us to export technology and solutions to them. This is a very good opportunity for WaykiChain and other Chinese blockchain teams. Thirdly, the cheap money policy of the European Central Bank can cause huge interest rate differences between European and Asian currencies. This contains huge market space and business opportunities, and the Defi system aims at this. 5. WaykiChain will complete the cross-chain process of BTC and ETH in the first half of 2020, and the mortgage lending system through stablecoin will be launched simultaneously. It is expected that there will be a new round of explosive growth around WUSD’s Pre-IPO business and loans. What is WUSD and what are its uses? Gordon Gao: WaykiChain WUSD, the first stablecoin developed on Core Layer of the public chain, is issued through over-collateralization with value anchored to USD. WUSD is the cornerstone of the WaykiChain Defi system. WUSD can be cashed in USDT or fiat currency. In other words, users can pledge their WICC to borrow cash. This principle is the same as a loan from a bank. WUSD can buy WICC or WGRT (governance coin) in WaykiChain DEX. This means that giving leverage to those who hold WaykiChain coins. WUSD can also be used in WaykiChain ecological applications. For example, Huatong Securities provides brokerage services on HK and US stocks to global customers with its unique WUSD-based payment solution which means that opening up the digital currency and traditional financial channels. Also, recently, we plan to launch a new application just like bank demand loans. Users can buy WUSD as wealth management. Of course, there will be derivatives based on WUSD pricing in the future. 6. “Building a decentralized big platform and ecology through community autonomy” is the original intention of WaykiChain, and this is also the big vision of WaykiChain. What difficulties has WaykiChain encountered in building a globally decentralized consensus? How did you overcome these difficulties? Gordon Gao: At the beginning, we only divided the domestic market and overseas markets. The main job of overseas markets is to publish articles and contents which achieved very little success. The language, culture, social platforms, per capita income, and the cognition level of cryptocurrency vary from country to country. And if we only use online communication, the information is too fragmented to help others understand your project in depth. After continuous experimentation, we decided to adopt the mode of offline(entering)-online(maintenance). We organized offline meetups and recruited WaykiChain Global Ambassadors. And then, we transferred to online maintenance, which has achieved success. Now we have organized 10 meetups with our global ambassadors, and have established telegram groups in nearly 20 countries and regions, including South Korea, Iran, Japan, Vietnam, Turkey, Indonesia, and the Philippines, with high daily engagements. The last time I did AMA in our Iranian group, the local media asked some very professional questions which show our Iranian fans have in-depth knowledge of our project. Now, WaykiChain team brings people from different countries to work together and becomes more international. 7. WaykiChain ranks first with a measured average TPS of 3300 (Measured Peak TPS 7800). And WaykiChain launched WUSD which is developed on the bottom layer of the public chain. What convenience and value will this bring to payment and commerce? Gordon Gao: The Defi system that WaykiChain is going to achieve is a decentralized bank without borders In daily life, most people go to the bank to do deposits, loans, exchange, buy financial products and so on. These functions are also available on WaykiChain and users can enjoy lower interest rates. The average deposit rate in Europe is between 0 and 0.3%. However, if we launch the new application of WUSD, Europeans can use fiat currency to buy WUSD and then gain at least 3 points of interest. This part of the interest comes from the mortgage interest paid by the mortgage borrower to the system. This part may be can achieve 6 points or more. In this way, the system also earns a cut of the discount. So, this is a three-win business. Defi is a business model that enables blockchain companies to truly implement possible commercial application scenarios. For example, Huatong Securities provides brokerage services on HK and US stocks to global customers with its unique WUSD-based payment solution Ordinary people are difficult to open an account to trade Hong Kong stocks in HK exchanges. However, now users can use WUSD to trade and invest HK/US Pre-IPO to make money. The HK Pre-IPO market now has an annualized income of 20–40% on average. Therefore, many people in the WaykiChain community now pledge WICC to generate WUSD and use WUSD to buy Hong Kong and US stocks to make new money. It can not only enjoy the potential appreciation space of WICC but also improve capital utilization. 8. WaykiChain has established a 3-token economic model (WICC / WUSD / WGRT) with more financial stability and scalability. Please introduce this model to us. What are the advantages of the WaykiChain 3-token economic model compared to the common single-token economic model? Gordon Gao: As the base currency of Defi, WUSD is a stablecoin that is just needed in the investment market for deposits and loans. At the same time, WUSD can also be used as a payment tool, which is much more convenient than using other digital currencies with large volatility. WaykiChain (WGRT) is our governance coins. All interest generated from borrowing WUSD and the liquidation penalty will be repurchased on the market to destroy WGRT. We don’t use WICC because if we use WICC, it means that the collateralized currency and the risk-proof currency are the same types. This model is the same as the model of BTS. The BTS black swan event has verified that this economic model does not work. Therefore, the emergence of governance coins is inevitable. 9. 2019 can be called “the year of Defi loans”, and 2020 will be the “year of Defi derivatives”, so how will DeFi develop in 2020? What is WaykiChain’s strategy? Gordon Gao: Defi is definitely still a hot topic in the blockchain industry in 2020. From Huobi BTC(HBTC) which is released by Huobi, it can also be seen that exchanges that do centralized finance are also developing Defi. Loans and deposits are still rigid demands in the market. Although derivatives have huge business opportunities, their outbreak in the Defi field may not be so fast. Because the market capability and liquidity of Defi are still limited. In addition, cryptocurrency enthusiasts have limited knowledge of derivatives. Now, Defi obviously still has some opportunities and the market is not occupied. For example, Bitcoin-based Defi has not yet been implemented. Of course, the emergence of HBTC promoted the development of Bitcoin-based Defi. However, its specific effects need time to verify. Moreover, Other public chain projects are still in the process of developing Defi. At present, only Ethereum’s Defi business has formed a certain scale, and WaykiChain might be the second-largest Defi platform which is developed on the public chain after Ethereum. Some users from WaykiChain do not own Ethereum, but if they own WaykiChain (WICC), they can also do collateralizing. Since WaykiChain has launched the Defi platform, it has collateralized over 24 million WICC and issued over USD 1.4 million in WUSD. WaykiChain’s strategy in Defi is mainly to satisfy both supply and demand. Firstly, we will continue to increase the amount of WICC total collateral and expand the issuance of WUSD. Secondly, we will keep working hard to expand and develop commercial application scenarios of WUSD. Finally, we will keep innovating and explore more new products and technology. WaykiChain will continuously make contributions in the world blockchain industry with its leading specialization.
To encourage continuity of ongoing discussions, all Phase 1 and 2 participants are invited to Scaling Bitcoin 2016 "Retarget" in Milan at $150 USD (same as for Montreal and Hong Kong). From August 15th, tickets may be available at $300 USD/ticket -- subject to availability. I need some sort of document for a travel visa Be Prepared for Scaling Bitcoin. Written by +liongrass. Nov 19 Why Hong Kong Merchants Accept Bitcoin. Written by +liongrass. Oct 7 Great Turnout at the Last Hong Kong Bitcoin Meetup of 2014. Written by +liongrass. Dec 10 Impressions from Plug and Pay. Written by +liongrass. Live : Scaling Bitcoin Workshops Adam Back is the inventor of hashcash (used in Bitcoin mining) and co-founder and CEO of Blockstream. Adam has worked on e-cash protocols since 1995. He was an architect and cryptographer at Zero-Knowledge Systems, and a consultant to companies such as Nokia and VMware. • Signaling bitcoin growth to external parties, current bitcoin users • Predictability of block size and fee market, from user PoV • Miners mining without validating (SPV mining) • Miners can soft-fork into block size reduction. Scaling Bitcoin HK 2015 Created Date:
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